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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

A biodiversity hotspot losing its top predator: The challenge of jaguar conservation in the Atlantic Forest of South America

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Paviolo, Agustin ; De Angelo, Carlos ; Ferraz, Katia M. P. M. B. ; Morato, Ronaldo G. ; Pardo, Julia Martinez ; Srbek-Araujo, Ana C. ; Beisiegel, Beatriz de Mello ; Lima, Fernando ; Sana, Denis ; da Silva, Marina Xavier ; Velazquez, Myriam C. ; Cullen, Laury ; Crawshaw, Jr., Peter ; Jorge, Maria Luisa S. P. ; Galetti, Pedro M. ; Di Bitetti, Mario S. ; de Paula, Rogerio Cunha ; Eizirik, Eduardo ; Aide, T. Mitchell ; Cruz, Paula ; Perilli, Miriam L. L. ; Souza, Andiara S. M. C. ; Quiroga, Veronica ; Nakano, Eduardo ; Pinto, Fredy Ramirez ; Fernandez, Sixto ; Costa, Sebastian ; Moraes, Jr., Edsel A. ; Azevedo, Fernando
Número total de Autores: 29
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 6, NOV 16 2016.
Citações Web of Science: 26
Resumo

The jaguar is the top predator of the Atlantic Forest (AF), which is a highly threatened biodiversity hotspot that occurs in Brazil, Paraguay and Argentina. By combining data sets from 14 research groups across the region, we determine the population status of the jaguar and propose a spatial prioritization for conservation actions. About 85% of the jaguar's habitat in the AF has been lost and only 7% remains in good condition. Jaguars persist in around 2.8% of the region, and live in very low densities in most of the areas. The population of jaguars in the AF is probably lower than 300 individuals scattered in small sub-populations. We identified seven Jaguar Conservation Units (JCUs) and seven potential JCUs, and only three of these areas may have >= 50 individuals. A connectivity analysis shows that most of the JCUs are isolated. Habitat loss and fragmentation were the major causes for jaguar decline, but human induced mortality is the main threat for the remaining population. We classified areas according to their contribution to jaguar conservation and we recommend management actions for each of them. The methodology in this study could be used for conservation planning of other carnivore species. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/09300-0 - Ecologia trófica, diversidade funcional e ocorrência de mamíferos terrestres na Mata Atlântica
Beneficiário:Katia Maria Paschoaletto Micchi de Barros Ferraz
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular