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Detection of colonization by carbapenem-resistant organisms by real-time polymerase chain reaction from rectal swabs in patients with chronic renal disease

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Rezende, T. F. T. ; Doi, A. M. ; Quiles, M. G. ; Pignatari, A. C. C. ; Manfrendi, S. ; Grothe, C. ; Taminato, M. ; Barbosa, D. A.
Número total de Autores: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Hospital Infection; v. 96, n. 2, p. 123-128, JUN 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 2

Background: Carbapenem-resistant organism (CRO) colonization is a serious problem that increases the risk of infection and contributes to dissemination of antimicrobial resistance in healthcare-associated environments. The risk of acquisition and dissemination of CRO is high in chronic renal failure patients and the surveillance culture is recommended as a component of infection control programmes. Aim: To assess colonization by CRO, comparing phenotypic and molecular-based methods of diagnostics, in rectal swabs in a large population of chronic renal failure patients. Methods: A total of 1092 rectal swabs (ESwab (TM)) were collected at two different times from 546 chronic kidney disease (CKD) patients from a specialized tertiary care university centre. They were divided into three groups: conservative treatment (N = 129), dialysis (N = 217), and transplanted patients (N = 200). A chromogenic (CHROMagar (TM)) KPC agar and the multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) targeting carbapenemase-encoding genes were tested as phenotypic and molecular screening for carbapenemase production. Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry and conventional PCR were also performed on the isolates grown on chromogenic agar. Findings: Among the 1092 samples, 150 (13.7%) were identified as CRO producers according to chromogenic agar. Only 26 (2.4%) were confirmed as KPC by conventional PCR. According to qPCR direct from swab, 31 (2.8%) were positive for KPC, 39 (3.6%) for GES, and three (0.3%) for SPM with kappa index of 0.256. Conclusion: The qPCR technique provides faster results when compared to culture method and enables rapid implementation of control measures and interventions to reduce the spread of CRO in healthcare settings, especially among CKD patients. (C) 2017 The Healthcare Infection Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/07671-5 - Avaliação da colonização e infecção por bactérias multirresistentes em pacientes com doença renal crônica terminal
Beneficiário:Dulce Aparecida Barbosa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular