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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Storm effects on intertidal invertebrates: increased beta diversity of few individuals and species

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Autor(es):
Corte, Guilherme N. ; Schlacher, Thomas A. ; Checon, Helio H. ; Barboza, Carlos A. M. ; Siegle, Eduardo ; Coelman, Ross A. ; Amaral, Antonia Cecilia Z.
Número total de Autores: 7
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PeerJ; v. 5, MAY 23 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 11
Resumo

Climate change is predicted to lead to more extreme weather events, including changes to storm frequency, intensity and location. Yet the ecological responses to storms are incompletely understood for sandy shorelines, the globe's longest land-ocean interface. Here we document how storms of different magnitude impacted the invertebrate assemblages on a tidal flat in Brazil. We specifically tested the relationships between wave energy and spatial heterogeneity, both for habitat properties (habitat heterogeneity) and fauna (beta-diversity), predicting that larger storms redistribute sediments and hence lead to spatially less variable faunal assemblages. The sediment matrix tended to become less heterogeneous across the flat after high-energy wave events, whereas (beta-diversity) increased after storms. This higher (beta-diversity) was primarily driven by species losses. Significantly fewer species at a significantly lower density occurred within days to weeks after storms. Negative density and biomass responses to storm events were most prominent in crustaceans. Invertebrate assemblages appeared to recover within a short-time (weeks to months) after storms, highlighting that most species typical of sedimentary shorelines are, to some degree, resilient to short-term changes in wave energy. Given that storm frequency and intensity are predicted to change in the coming decades, identifying properties that determine resilience and recovery of ecosystems constitute a research priority for sedimentary shorelines and beyond. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50317-5 - Biodiversidade e funcionamento de um ecossistema costeiro subtropical: subsídios para gestão integrada
Beneficiário:Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/10130-3 - Comunidades macrobentônicas de fundos inconsolidados da Baía do Araçá, Litoral Norte de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Guilherme Nascimento Corte
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/10810-8 - Ecologia bêntica da Baía do Araçá: análise da fauna associada ao sedimento e da relação ambiente biodiversidade
Beneficiário:Guilherme Nascimento Corte
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado