Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effects of waterborne copper delivered under two different exposure and salinity regimes on osmotic and ionic regulation in the mudflat fiddler crab, Minuca rapax (Ocypodidae, Brachyura)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Capparelli, Mariana V. ; McNamara, John C. ; Grosell, Martin
Número total de Autores: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ECOTOXICOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL SAFETY; v. 143, p. 201-209, SEP 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

The effects of exposure to copper (Cu) on tissue Cu accumulation, on hemolymph osmotic, Na+ and regulation, and on gill Na+ /K+ -ATPase (NKA) and carbonic anhydrase (CA) activities were evaluated in the fiddler crab Minuca rapax. Waterborne copper was delivered to the crabs at one of three salinities (seawater at 25%0 salinity {[}S] = isosmotic control; distilled water {[}< 0.1%0 S] = hypo-osmotic medium; or 60%0 S = hyper-osmotic seawater) either for 5 days in a 0.5-cm water film containing 0, 50, 150, 250 or 500 mu g Cu/L with free access to a dry surface, or in crabs fully submerged for 5 h at 0, 250 or 500 mu g Cu/L. In the crabs with free access to a dry surface, the highest Cu concentrations were found in the hemolymph and hepatopancreas with some accumulation in the gills; accumulation in the hemolymph and gills was enhanced in low salinity but was salinity independent in the hepatopancreas. Osmotic regulation was unaffected by Cu exposure; however Na+ and hypo- regulation was impaired by Cu in 25 and 60%0 S. Gill NKA activity was stimulated 2-fold at 50 mu g Cu/L and markedly inhibited at 150 mu g Cu/L and above in 0 and 25%0 S. Gill CA was inhibited in < 0.1%0 S but stimulated in 25 and 60%0 S; an inverse concentration-CA activity response was seen above 150 mu g Cu/L for all salinities. In the submerged crabs, Cu accumulated in all tissues in 60%0 S; however, there was no clear-cut Cu concentration-accumulation relationship evident in any tissue for either exposure regime, likely owing to the crabs' ability to regulate Cu. Copper exposure diminished osmotic, {[}Na+] and {[}Cl- hypo-regulatory ability, especially in higher salinities. Gill NKA activity was markedly inhibited by Cu overall, and particularly above 250 mu g Cu/L in < 0.1%0 S. Gill CA activity was inhibited in 25%0 S but inconsistently affected in 0 and 60%0 S. These findings show that Minuca rapax is affected both physiologically and biochemically by Cu contamination, although to different degrees, depending on the delivery regime, salinity, copper concentration and target tissue. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/10672-6 - Respostas fisiológicas e bioquímicas à exposição ao cobre no caranguejo chama-marés Uca rapax (Crustacea, Ocypodidae): diferentes vias de absorção do metal
Beneficiário:Mariana Vellosa Capparelli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 11/22537-0 - Implicações macroevolutivas da homeostase osmótica, térmica e metabólica em caranguejos neotropicais do entre-marés
Beneficiário:John Campbell McNamara
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/08065-9 - Análise qualitativa e quantitativa da poluição por metais no caranguejo chama-marés Uca rapax (Ocypodidae, Brachyura) avaliada por biomarcadores fisiológicos, bioquímicos e genéticos
Beneficiário:Mariana Vellosa Capparelli
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado