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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Biodiversity conservation gaps in the Brazilian protected areas

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Oliveira, Ubirajara ; Soares-Filho, Britaldo Silveira ; Paglia, Adriano Pereira ; Brescovit, Antonio D. ; de Carvalho, Claudio J. B. ; Silva, Dasniel Paiva ; Rezende, Daniella T. ; Fortes Leite, Felipe Sa ; Nogueira Batista, Joao Aguiar ; Peixoto Pena Barbosa, Joao Paulo ; Stehmann, Joao Renato ; Ascher, John S. ; de Vasconcelos, Marcelo Ferreira ; De Marco, Paulo ; Lowenberg-Neto, Peter ; Ferro, Viviane Gianluppi ; Santos, Adalberto J.
Número total de Autores: 17
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 7, AUG 22 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 24
Resumo

Although Brazil is a megadiverse country and thus a conservation priority, no study has yet quantified conservation gaps in the Brazilian protected areas (PAs) using extensive empirical data. Here, we evaluate the degree of biodiversity protection and knowledge within all the Brazilian PAs through a gap analysis of vertebrate, arthropod and angiosperm occurrences and phylogenetic data. Our results show that the knowledge on biodiversity in most Brazilian PAs remain scant as 71% of PAs have less than 0.01 species records per km(2). Almost 55% of Brazilian species and about 40% of evolutionary lineages are not found in PAs, while most species have less than 30% of their geographic distribution within PAs. Moreover, the current PA network fails to protect the majority of endemic species. Most importantly, these results are similar for all taxonomic groups analysed here. The methods and results of our countrywide assessment are suggested to help design further inventories in order to map and secure the key biodiversity of the Brazilian PAs. In addition, our study illustrates the most common biodiversity knowledge shortfalls in the tropics. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50689-0 - Sistemática de aranhas haplóginas neotropicais (Arachnida, Araneae)
Beneficiário:Antonio Domingos Brescovit
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático