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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Nocturnal herbivore-induced plant volatiles attract the generalist predatory earwig Doru luteipes Scudder

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Naranjo-Guevara, Natalia [1] ; Penaflor, Maria Fernanda G. V. [2] ; Cabezas-Guerrero, Milton F. [1] ; Bento, Jose Mauricio S. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Entomol & Acarol, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr ESALQ, Ave Padua Dias 11, POB 9, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] Fed Univ Lavras UFLA, Dept Entomol, Campus Univ, BR-3720000 Lavras, MG - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NATURWISSENSCHAFTEN; v. 104, n. 9-10 OCT 2017.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Numerous studies have demonstrated that entomophagous arthropods use herbivore-induced plant volatile (HIPV) blends to search for their prey or host. However, no study has yet focused on the response of nocturnal predators to volatile blends emitted by prey damaged plants. We investigated the olfactory behavioral responses of the night-active generalist predatory earwig Doru luteipes Scudder (Dermaptera: Forficulidae) to diurnal and nocturnal volatile blends emitted by maize plants (Zea mays) attacked by either a stem borer (Diatraea saccharalis) or a leaf-chewing caterpillar (Spodoptera frugiperda), both suitable lepidopteran prey. Additionally, we examined whether the earwig preferred odors emitted from short- or long-term damaged maize. We first determined the earwig diel foraging rhythm and confirmed that D. luteipes is a nocturnal predator. Olfactometer assays showed that during the day, although the earwigs were walking actively, they did not discriminate the volatiles of undamaged maize plants from those of herbivore damaged maize plants. In contrast, at night, earwigs preferred volatiles emitted by maize plants attacked by D. saccharalis or S. frugiperda over undamaged plants and short-over long-term damaged maize. Our GC-MS analysis revealed that short-term damaged nocturnal plant volatile blends were comprised mainly of fatty acid derivatives (i.e., green leaf volatiles), while the long-term damaged plant volatile blend contained mostly terpenoids. We also observed distinct volatile blend composition emitted by maize damaged by the different caterpillars. Our results showed that D. luteipes innately uses nocturnal herbivore-induced plant volatiles to search for prey. Moreover, the attraction of the earwig to short-term damaged plants is likely mediated by fatty acid derivatives. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57701-2 - Bases tecnológicas para identificação, síntese e uso de semioquímicos na agricultura
Beneficiário:José Roberto Postali Parra
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático