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Glucose mineralization in soils of contrasting textures under application of S-metolachlor, terbuthylazine, and mesotrione, alone and in a mixture

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Kassio Ferreira Mendes [1] ; Stella Andressa Collegari [2] ; Rodrigo Floriano Pimpinato [3] ; Valdemar Luiz Tornisielo [4]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Universidade de São Paulo. Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura - Brasil
[2] Universidade de São Paulo. Escola Superior de Agricultura “Luiz de Queiroz” - Brasil
[3] Universidade de São Paulo. Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura - Brasil
[4] Universidade de São Paulo. Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura - Brasil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Bragantia; v. 77, n. 1, p. 152-159, 2017-12-18.
Resumo

ABSTRACT Microbial adaptation may occur in surface soils under agricultural uses exposed to herbicides. However, little is known about herbicide mixture effects in the soil, especially in tropical regions like Brazil. The aim of this study was to evaluate glucose mineralization in soils of contrasting textures (sandy clay and sandy loam) from areas cultivated with maize under application of S-metolachlor, terbuthylazine and mesotrione, alone and in a mixture. The methodology was established according to the soil microorganisms: carbon transformation test with 14C-glucose solution (D-[U-14C] glucose) in biometric flasks. After the addition of 14C-glucose, the amount of 14C in cumulative CO2 of microbial respiration was measured several times during the 28-day incubation. For unamended soil control (without herbicide), microbial activity followed a similar behavior to amended soil with herbicides in total 14CO2 released and accumulated, ranging from 23 to 27%. Overall, mineralization constant rate (k) values for all treatments were also similar, with an average value of 0.0038% CO2.d–1. Consequently, mineralization half-life times (MT50) were from 173 to 198 d. Microbial respiration for all treatments was slightly higher in the sandy clay compared with sandy loam soil; although soil samples with application of herbicides (alone and in a mixture) did not show decreased basal microbial respiration or mineralization rates of glucose. To corroborate these findings, additional research with different organic substrates and in cultures with different applications of herbicides are needed to prove the non interference of these herbicides on the microbial respiration in the soil. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/25399-3 - Comportamento dos herbicidas mesotrione + S-metolachlor + terbuthylazine aplicados em associação e isoladamente em solos de cultivo de milho
Beneficiário:Kassio Ferreira Mendes
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado