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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Social life cycle assessment of first and second-generation ethanol production technologies in Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Souza, Alexandre [1] ; Barbosa Watanabe, Marcos Djun [1] ; Cavalett, Otavio [1] ; Lie Ugaya, Cassia Maria [2, 3] ; Bonomi, Antonio [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] CNPEM, Lab Nacl Ciencia & Tecnol Bioetanol CTBE, Caixa Postal 6192, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Tecnol Fed Parana UTFPR, Ave Sete Setembro 3165, BR-80230901 Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
[3] CNPq Fellow, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT; v. 23, n. 3, p. 617-628, MAR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 16
Resumo

The main goal of this study is to suggest quantitative social metrics to evaluate different sugarcane biorefinery systems in Brazil by exploring a novel hybrid approach integrating social life cycle assessment and input-output analysis. Social life cycle assessment is the main methodology for evaluating social aspects based on a life-cycle approach. Using this framework, a hybrid model integrating social life cycle assessment and input-output analysis was introduced to evaluate different social effects of biorefinery scenarios considering workers as the stakeholder category. Job creation, occupational accidents, wage profile, education profile, and gender profile were selected as the main inventory indicators. A case study of three scenarios considering variations in agricultural and industrial technologies (including sugarcane straw recovery and second-generation ethanol production, for instance) was carried out for evaluating present first-generation (1G-basic, 1G-optimized) and future first- and second-generation ethanol production (1G2G). The 1G-basic scenario leads to higher job creation levels over the supply chain mainly because of the influence of agricultural stage whose workers are mostly employed in sugarcane manual operations. On the other hand, 1G-optimized and 1G2G present supply chains are more reliant on the manufacturing, trade, and services sectors whose workers are associated with a lower level of occupational accidents, higher average wages, higher education level, and more participation of women in the work force. The use of a novel hybrid approach integrating social life cycle assessment (SLCA) and input-output analysis (IOA) was useful to quantitatively distinguish the social effects over different present and future sugarcane biorefinery supply chains. As a consequence, this approach is very useful to support decision-making processes aiming to improve the sustainability of sugarcane biorefineries taking social aspects into account. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/17139-3 - Avaliação de impactos ambientais de diferentes configurações de biorrefinaria de cana-de-açúcar com aproveitamento integral da biomassa
Beneficiário:Otavio Cavalett
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores