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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Late Quaternary environmental dynamics inferred from marine sediment core GeoB6211-2 off southern Brazil

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Gu, Fang [1] ; Chiessi, Cristiano M. [2] ; Zonneveld, Karin A. F. [3] ; Behling, Hermann [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Goettingen, Dept Palynol & Climate Dynam, Untere Karspule 2, D-37073 Gottingen - Germany
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Arts Sci & Humanities, Rua Arlindo Bettio 1000, BR-3828000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Bremen, MARUM Ctr Marine Environm Sci, Leobener Str 8, D-28359 Bremen - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PALAEOGEOGRAPHY PALAEOCLIMATOLOGY PALAEOECOLOGY; v. 496, p. 48-61, MAY 1 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 5
Resumo

Vegetation and climate changes in southern Brazil, as well as the dynamics of the adjacent South Atlantic were investigated through the analyses of pollen, spores and dinocysts from marine sediment core GeoB6211-2 that covers the last 19.3 kyr. The pollen record indicates the dominance of grassland (campos) in southeastern South America (SESA), reflecting cold and/or dry conditions during the Last Glacial Maximum. Forests, mainly gallery forests, expanded slightly during Heinrich Stadial 1, suggesting slightly wetter conditions. A stronger expansion of the Atlantic lowland rainforest is noticed in the record after ca. 5.5 cal kyr BP, likely due to wetter conditions. The relatively high amount of exotic Nothofagus pollen, transported by wind, rivers and then by oceanic currents northwards to the study site, as well as the dinocyst Brigantedinium spp., indicate a noticeable influence of the Brazilian Coastal Current from the south between 19.3 and 14.8 cal kyr BP. After that, the decrease in Nothofagus and Brigantedinium spp. together with the increase in dinocyst Operculodinium centrocarpum indicate that the Brazil Current from the north dominated the coring site. The abundance of freshwater algae between ca. 19.3 and 17.0 cal kyr BP suggests that the Rio de la Plata mouth was located close to the coring site during this period, and its discharge of nutrient-rich freshwaters strongly affected the upper water column. Sea level rise decreased this impact during the late glacial phase by moving the coastline further away from the core site. The presence of the Brazil Current at the core site became stronger after ca. 15 cal kyr BP and strongest after 9 cal kyr BP. In summary, the pollen, spores and dinocyst records from core GeoB6211-2 provide important climatic records to reconstruct the environmental changes in SESA. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: integrando disciplinas para a predição da biodiversidade da Floresta Atlântica no Brasil
Beneficiário:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 12/17517-3 - Resposta da porção oeste do Oceano Atlântico às mudanças na circulação meridional do Atlântico: variabilidade milenar a sazonal
Beneficiário:Cristiano Mazur Chiessi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Jovens Pesquisadores