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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Optimizing survey methods for spiders and harvestmen assemblages in an Amazonian upland forest

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Autor(es):
Tourinho, Ana Lucia [1] ; Dias, Sidclay C. [1] ; Lo-Man-Hung, Nancy F. [2] ; Pinto-da-Rocha, Ricardo [3] ; Bonaldo, Alexandre B. [4] ; Baccaro, Fabricio B. [5]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, Inst Ciencias Nat Humanas & Sociais, NEBAM, Setor Ind, Av Alexandre Ferronato 1200, BR-78577267 Sinop, MT - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Genet & Biol Evolut, Lab Genom & Evolucao Artropodes, Rua Matao 277, Cidade Univ, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, IB, Dept Zool, Rua Matao 321, Travessa 14, Cx Postal 11461, BR-05422970 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Coordenacao Zool CZO, Lab Aracnol, Ave Perimetral 1901, Cx Postal 399, BR-66077830 Belem, Para - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Amazonas, Inst Ciencias Biol, Dept Biol, Av Gen Rodrigo Octavio 6200, Coroado 1, BR-69077070 Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PEDOBIOLOGIA; v. 67, p. 35-44, MAR 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Invertebrates can be sampled using any of several well-established, rapid and cost-effective methods for documenting species richness and composition. Despite their many differences, different orders of arachnids have been often sampled together in various studies. Active nocturnal search has been long considered the most efficient method for sampling spiders and harvestmen in tropical forests. We compared the number of species and composition of spiders and harvestmen simultaneously sampled using three sampling methods beating tray, active nocturnal search and Winkler traps at areas along the Urucu River, Coari, Amazonas. We found that a reasonable inventorying of harvestmen can be accomplished solely by nocturnal search, whereas the beating tray and Winkler approaches are redundant. For spiders, both the nocturnal and beating tray methods were complementary and are needed to provide a more complete picture of spider assemblages. An inventory based solely on nocturnal search saves 75% of the survey costs for harvestmen assemblages and 46% for spider assemblages. Based on our findings we propose that different taxonomic groups (e.g. harvestmen and spiders) should be sampled separately in tropical forests, especially for monitoring purposes, and different sets of methods should be combined for each according to their most efficient and best cost-benefit performance. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50297-0 - Dimensions US-BIOTA São Paulo: integrando disciplinas para a predição da biodiversidade da Floresta Atlântica no Brasil
Beneficiário:Cristina Yumi Miyaki
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOTA - Temático