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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Importance of riparian forest corridors for the ocelot in agricultural landscapes

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Autor(es):
Paolino, Roberta M. [1] ; Royle, Jeffrey A. [2] ; Versiani, Natalia F. [3] ; Rodrigues, Thiago F. [1] ; Pasqualotto, Nielson [1] ; Krepschi, Victor G. [4] ; Chiarello, Adriano G. [3]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Programa Posgrad Interunidades Ecol Aplicada, Ave Padua Dias 11, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[2] USGS, Patuxent Wildlife Res Ctr, 12100 Beech Forest Rd, Laurel, MD 20708 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14040900 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ecol, Rua 24A, 1515 Bairro Bela Vista, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF MAMMALOGY; v. 99, n. 4, p. 874-884, AUG 13 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 3
Resumo

Worldwide, private lands have attracted increased attention from conservationists, not only because most of the globe is privately owned, but also because private lands can be an asset to the protected area conservation strategy. In Brazil, the riverine Areas of Permanent Protection (APPs) are a key instrument of the Forest Code to protect biodiversity on private lands, acting as wildlife corridors. We assessed this putative role of APPs by evaluating how ocelot (Leopardus pardalis) occurrence is influenced by covariates in 3 cerrado landscapes dominated by sugarcane and managed forests of eucalyptus and pine trees. We collected detection-nondetection data by camera trapping during 2 dry seasons (2013 and 2014) at 208 stations (6,606 camera-days). We estimated ocelot detection and mean relative abundance using a single-species, single-season occupancy model that accounts for heterogeneous detection probability induced by variation in abundance. Modeling results showed that percentage of native forest was the most important covariate to explain mean relative abundance of ocelots. This parameter was also affected positively by APPs, with ocelots being more abundant inside than outside APPs and, unexpectedly, by sugarcane. Given our study design, however, the positive effect of this crop likely reflects the contact zone between sugarcane and native forest. Our findings show that landscape composition affects ocelot abundance and highlight the importance of APPs and Legal Reserves in agricultural landscapes. We conclude that, in such landscapes, compliance to the Forest Code by private land owners is key to supporting ocelot occurrence. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/12914-7 - Biodiversidade remanescente em áreas de preservação permanente (APPs) do nordeste paulista: situação da mastofauna de médio e grande porte
Beneficiário:Roberta Montanheiro Paolino
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 11/22449-4 - Conservação do tamanduá-bandeira nos remanescentes de cerrado do Nordeste do estado de São Paulo: ocupação da paisagem em uma região de agricultura intensiva
Beneficiário:Adriano Garcia Chiarello
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular