Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effect of orthodontic force associated with cigarette smoke inhalation in healthy and diseased periodontium. A histometric and immunohistochemistry analysis in rats

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Ferreira, C. L. [1] ; Nunes, C. M. M. [1] ; Bernardo, D. V. [1] ; Pedroso, J. F. [1] ; Longo, M. [1] ; Santamaria, Jr., M. [2, 3] ; Santamaria, M. P. [1] ; Jardini, M. A. N. [1]
Número total de Autores: 8
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Dept Diag & Surg, Div Periodontol, Coll Dent, ICT, Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
[2] Heminio Ometto Univ Ctr, UNIARARAS, Grad Program Orthodont, Araras - Brazil
[3] Heminio Ometto Univ Ctr, UNIARARAS, Grad Program Biomed Sci, Araras - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF PERIODONTAL RESEARCH; v. 53, n. 5, p. 924-931, OCT 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

BackgroundThe aim of the present study is to evaluate the effect of orthodontic forces in healthy or diseased periodontium of rats submitted/not submitted to cigarette smoke inhalation. Material and methodsFifty-six male Wistar rats were allocated into two groups of conditions: smoking and non-smoking. Each group was divided into the following subgroups: control (C), orthodontic tooth movement (OTM), ligature-induced periodontitis (P) and P+OTM (POTM), with n=14 each. Periodontitis was induced in the lower first molar by cotton ligature, and a 4mm closed stainless steel spring was used for orthodontic movement. Animals were exposed to the smoke of 10 cigarettes for 8minutes, 3 times a day for 60days before P induction and OTM. Evaluation parameters were macroscopic analysis of dental movement, bone loss and bone density. In addition, the receptor activator of nuclear factor-kappaB (RANK) immunostaining and RANK ligand/osteoprotegerin ratio in the furcation region were assessed. ResultsThere was no statistically significant difference between groups, ie, smoking and non-smoking conditions (P=.338). Bone loss intragroup analysis between the P and POTM groups was not significant in smoking (P=1) and non-smoking (P=.5) conditions; both were different from OTM and C in each condition. Regarding bone density, POTM and P were significant to C (P<.05). The POTM group was significant to the P and C (P=.001) regarding dental movement. The RANK ligand/osteoprotegerin ratio in the non-smoking condition was higher in P and POTM compared to C and OTM and to P and POTM in the smoking condition. RANK immunostaining was significant in the smoking condition for the P and POTM groups (P<.05). ConclusionWithin the limitations of the present study, it was concluded that cigarette smoke inhalation had no influence on the evaluated groups, even with the presence of low levels of nicotine, carbon monoxide and tar. The POTM groups did not present greater bone loss compared to P groups, thus periodontal disease is essential for bone loss. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/50983-3 - INCT 2014: fluidos complexos
Beneficiário:Antonio Martins Figueiredo Neto
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático