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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Adsorption of metals by crosslinked chitosan beads in sugarcane contaminated streams

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Autor(es):
Geromel-Costa, Camila G. A. [1] ; Corbi, Juliano J. [1] ; Gorni, Guilherme Rossi [2] ; Colombo, Vanessa [2] ; Correa, Regiane C. [1] ; Flamingo, Anderson [3] ; Campana-Filho, Sergio Paulo [3]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Engn Sao Carlos, Dept Hydraul Engn & Sanitat SHS, CP 359, BR-13566590 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Araraquara Univ, Doctoral Program Terr Dev & Environm, BR-14801320 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Chem Sao Carlos IQSC, POB 780, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BIOMASS & BIOENERGY; v. 119, p. 128-134, DEC 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 4
Resumo

Streams situated in areas of sugarcane cultivation receive high concentrations of metal ions from the adjacent areas, causing accumulation of metals in the aquatic sediment. Several adsorbents have been used to remove metal from water. Activated carbons clays and biopolymers are among the common adsorbents utilized. Chitosan beads, an alternative biopolymer that exhibits a high affinity for metal ions, are easy to prepare under laboratory conditions, have low overall cost and can be indicated for the removal of metals from aquatic sediments. This work studied, for the first time, the possible use of Chitosan beads in the adsorption of metals from sediments of streams located in areas adjacent to sugarcane cultivation. The sediments were collected from four streams historically impacted by sugarcane; one of them is located in a preserved area, used as the control site. The sediments were evaluated for adsorption of Cr, Cu, Zn, Mn and Mg. The results showed that the maximum adsorption of metals in chitosan beads (containing only 5.5% of chitosan) were obtained in Sao Joao Stream, such as: 0.65 mg kg(-1) for Cr6+, 2.85 mg kg(-1) for Cu2+, 2.5 mg kg(-1) for Mg2+ and 0.85 mg kg(-1) for Zn2+. For manganese, the maximum adsorption was 0.84 mg kg(-1), obtained for the Agua Sumida Stream. The adsorption had high affinity for Cu, Zn and Cr and low affinity for Mg and Mn. Chitosan presented potential and viability for use in the remediation of the impacts of metals on aquatic sediment systems, with high adsorption and capacity to be applied ``in loco{''}. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/24268-2 - Utilização de quitosana na adsorção de metais em sedimentos de córregos contaminados: biorremediação das áreas impactadas e seu efeito em larvas de Chironomus xanthus
Beneficiário:Juliano José Corbi
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa BIOEN - Regular