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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Phase coherence between precipitation in South America and Rossby waves

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Autor(es):
Gelbrecht, Maximilian [1, 2] ; Boers, Niklas [2, 3] ; Kurths, Juergen [1, 2, 4]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Humboldt Univ, Dept Phys, Berlin - Germany
[2] Potsdam Inst Climate Impact Res, Potsdam - Germany
[3] Imperial Coll London, Grantham Inst, London - England
[4] RAS, Inst Appl Phys, Nizhnii Novgorod - Russia
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SCIENCE ADVANCES; v. 4, n. 12 DEC 2018.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The dominant mode of intraseasonal precipitation variability during the South American monsoon is the so-called precipitation dipole between the South Atlantic convergence zone (SACZ) and southeastern South America (SESA). It affects highly populated areas that are of substantial importance for the regional food supplies. Previous studies using principal components analysis or complex networks were able to describe and characterize this variability pattern, but crucial questions regarding the responsible physical mechanism remain open. Here, we use phase synchronization techniques to study the relation between precipitation in the SACZ and SESA on the one hand and southern hemisphere Rossby wave trains on the other hand. In combination with a conceptual model, this approach demonstrates that the dipolar precipitation pattern is caused by the southern hemisphere Rossby waves. Our results thus show that Rossby waves are the main driver of the monsoon season variability in South America, a finding that has important implications for synoptic-scale weather forecasts. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/50122-0 - Fenômenos dinâmicos em redes complexas: fundamentos e aplicações
Beneficiário:Elbert Einstein Nehrer Macau
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático