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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Controlled release of nitrogen using urea-melamine-starch composites

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Autor(es):
Giroto, Amanda S. [1, 2] ; Guimaraes, Gelton G. [3] ; Colnago, Luiz A. [2] ; Klamczynski, Artur [2] ; Glenn, Greg [4] ; Ribeiro, Caue [1, 4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Embrapa Instrumentat, 1452 25 Novembro St, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] USDA ARS, Bioprod Chem & Engn Res, Western Reg Res Ctr, Albany, CA 94710 - USA
[3] Agr Res & Rural Extens Co Santa Catarina, 6800 Highway, Antonio Heil, BR-88318112 Itajai, SC - Brazil
[4] Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energy & Climate Res IEK 3, Electrochem Proc Engn, D-52425 Julich - Germany
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION; v. 217, p. 448-455, APR 20 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 1
Resumo

Herein we describe a new fertilizer delivery system made of a thermoplastic starch composite used to control the release of nitrogen in greenhouse trials. The innovative approach in this work is to use a natural matrix to disperse the N source using one extrusion processing step that is easily scalable. The extrudate was formed into a continuous strand using a rod die and was subsequently air-cooled and pelletized. The extrusion process yielded homogeneous pellets with high nitrogen content that could be applied directly to the soil. Melamine changed the structure of composites and increased the N final content of the fertilizers. Soil incubation experiments showed a more controlled N release by the matrix whereby the same proportion of N from urea was achieved after 28 days. Greenhouse trials revealed that melamine plays an important role as a structure modifier, increasing the effective use of available N from urea for maize in pot experiments. It was also verified that the Nmelamine was not available during the first 60 days of the trial experiment, showing that the lower amount of nitrogen released (only from urea) was better utilized by the plants treated with the composite material. The pelletized composite could be a prospective system for smart fertilization processing based on a renewable source (e.g. starch). (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/11821-5 - Estudo da solubilização de fosfatos nanométricos dispersos em matrizes de diferentes solubilidades
Beneficiário:Amanda Soares Giroto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/10104-1 - Preparação de nanocompósitos a partir de uréia modificada com glicerol para otimização do processo de liberação controlada de nutrientes
Beneficiário:Amanda Soares Giroto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado