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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Controlled release of nitrogen using urea-melamine-starch composites

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Author(s):
Giroto, Amanda S. [1, 2] ; Guimaraes, Gelton G. [3] ; Colnago, Luiz A. [2] ; Klamczynski, Artur [2] ; Glenn, Greg [4] ; Ribeiro, Caue [1, 4]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Embrapa Instrumentat, 1452 25 Novembro St, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] USDA ARS, Bioprod Chem & Engn Res, Western Reg Res Ctr, Albany, CA 94710 - USA
[3] Agr Res & Rural Extens Co Santa Catarina, 6800 Highway, Antonio Heil, BR-88318112 Itajai, SC - Brazil
[4] Forschungszentrum Julich, Inst Energy & Climate Res IEK 3, Electrochem Proc Engn, D-52425 Julich - Germany
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF CLEANER PRODUCTION; v. 217, p. 448-455, APR 20 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Herein we describe a new fertilizer delivery system made of a thermoplastic starch composite used to control the release of nitrogen in greenhouse trials. The innovative approach in this work is to use a natural matrix to disperse the N source using one extrusion processing step that is easily scalable. The extrudate was formed into a continuous strand using a rod die and was subsequently air-cooled and pelletized. The extrusion process yielded homogeneous pellets with high nitrogen content that could be applied directly to the soil. Melamine changed the structure of composites and increased the N final content of the fertilizers. Soil incubation experiments showed a more controlled N release by the matrix whereby the same proportion of N from urea was achieved after 28 days. Greenhouse trials revealed that melamine plays an important role as a structure modifier, increasing the effective use of available N from urea for maize in pot experiments. It was also verified that the Nmelamine was not available during the first 60 days of the trial experiment, showing that the lower amount of nitrogen released (only from urea) was better utilized by the plants treated with the composite material. The pelletized composite could be a prospective system for smart fertilization processing based on a renewable source (e.g. starch). (C) 2019 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/11821-5 - Study of nanosize phosphate solubilization dispersed in matrices of different solubilities
Grantee:Amanda Soares Giroto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/10104-1 - Nanocomposites preparation from urea modified with glycerol for optimization of process of controlled release of nutrients
Grantee:Amanda Soares Giroto
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate