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Body composition, strength static and isokinetic, and bone health: comparative study between active adults and amateur soccer players

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Autor(es):
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Tavares, Oscar M. [1] ; Duarte, Joao P. [2, 3, 4] ; Werneck, Andre O. [5] ; Costa, Daniela C. [2, 3, 4] ; Sousa-e-Silva, Paulo [2, 3, 4] ; Martinho, Diogo [2, 3, 4] ; Luz, Leonardo G. O. [2, 6] ; Morouco, Pedro [7, 8] ; Valente-dos-Santos, Joao [3, 4, 9] ; Soles-Goncalves, Rui [1, 10] ; Conde, Jorge [1] ; Casanova, Jose M. [11] ; Coelho-e-Silva, Manuel J. [2, 3]
Número total de Autores: 13
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Inst Politecn Coimbra, Escola Super Tecnol Saude Coimbra, Coimbra - Portugal
[2] Univ Coimbra, Fac Ciencias Desporto & Educ Fis, Coimbra - Portugal
[3] Univ Coimbra, Ctr Invest Desporto & Actividade Fis, Coimbra - Portugal
[4] Fundacao Ciencia & Tecnol, Lisbon - Portugal
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista, Dept Educ Fis, Lab Invest Exercicio, Grp Invest Cient Relacionada Atividade Fis, Presidente Prudente, SP - Brazil
[6] Univ Fed Alagoas, Lab Cineantropometria Atividade Fis & Promocao Sa, Arapiraca, AL - Brazil
[7] Inst Politecn Leiria, Leiria - Portugal
[8] Ctr Desenvolvimento Rapido & Sustentado Prod, Marinha Grande - Portugal
[9] Univ Lusofona Humanidades & Tecnol, Fac Educ Fis & Desporto, Lisbon - Portugal
[10] Univ Coimbra, Ctr Estudos & Invest Saude, Coimbra - Portugal
[11] Univ Coimbra, Fac Med, Coimbra - Portugal
Número total de Afiliações: 11
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Einstein (São Paulo); v. 17, n. 3 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Objective: To compare tissue composition, total and regional bone mineral content and bone mineral density, static hand grip and knee joint isokinetic strength between amateur soccer players and Control Group. Methods: Cross-sectional study. Air displacement plethysmography was used to estimate body volume and, in turn, density. Body composition, bone mineral content and bone mineral density were assessed for the whole body and at standardized regions using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry. Static grip strength was assessed with an adjustable dynamometer, and peak torque derived from isokinetic strength dynamometer (concentric muscular knee actions at 60 degrees/s). Magnitude of the differences between groups was examined using d-Cohen. Results: Compared to healthy active adults, soccer players showed larger values of whole body bone mineral content (+651g; d=1.60; p<0.01). In addition, differences between groups were large for whole body bone mineral density (d=1.20 to 1.90; p<0.01): lumbar spine, i.e. L1-L4 (+19.4%), upper limbs (+8.6%) and lower limbs (+16.8%). Soccer players attained larger mean values in strength test given by static hand grip protocol (+5.6kg, d=0.99; p<0.01). Conclusion: Soccer adequately regulates body composition and is associated better bone health parameters (bone mineral content and density at whole-body and at particular sites exposed to mechanical loadings). (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/27234-2 - Associação longitudinal entre maturação biológica, gordura corporal e prática esportiva na predição do risco de síndrome metabólica e proteína C-reativa: modelos de equação estrutural (ABCD - growth study)
Beneficiário:André de Oliveira Werneck
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado