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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation: Observed Transport and Variability

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Autor(es):
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Frajka-Williams, Eleanor [1] ; Ansorge, Isabelle J. [2] ; Baehr, Johanna [3] ; Bryden, Harry L. [4] ; Chidichimo, Maria Paz [5, 6, 7] ; Cunningham, Stuart A. [8] ; Danabasoglu, Gokhan [9] ; Dong, Shenfu [10] ; Donohue, Kathleen A. [11] ; Elipot, Shane [12] ; Heimbach, Patrick [13] ; Holliday, N. Penny [1] ; Hummels, Rebecca [14] ; Jackson, Laura C. [15] ; Karstensen, Johannes [14] ; Lankhorst, Matthias [16] ; Le Bras, Isabela A. [16] ; Lozier, M. Susan [17] ; McDonagh, Elaine L. [1] ; Meinen, Christopher S. [10] ; Mercier, Herle [18] ; Moat, I, Bengamin ; Perez, Renellys C. [10] ; Piecuch, Christopher G. [19] ; Rhein, Monika [20] ; Srokosz, Meric A. [21] ; Trenberth, Kevin E. [9] ; Bacon, Sheldon [21] ; Forget, Gael [22] ; Goni, Gustavo [10] ; Kieke, Dagmar [20] ; Koelling, Jannes [16] ; Lamont, Tarron [2, 23] ; McCarthy, Gerard D. [24] ; Mertens, Christian [20] ; Send, Uwe [16] ; Smeed, David A. [21] ; Speich, Sabrina [25] ; van den Berg, Marcel [23] ; Volkov, Denis [10] ; Wilson, Chris [26]
Número total de Autores: 41
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] Natl Oceanog Ctr, Southampton, Hants - England
[2] Univ Cape Town, Dept Oceanog, Cape Town - South Africa
[3] Univ Hamburg, Inst Oceanog, CEN, Hamburg - Germany
[4] Univ Southampton, Southampton, Hants - England
[5] Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[6] Serv Hidrog Naval, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[7] UMI IFAECI CNRS, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[8] Scottish Assoc Marine Sci, Oban, Argyll - Scotland
[9] Natl Ctr Atmospher Res, POB 3000, Boulder, CO 80307 - USA
[10] Atlantic Oceanog & Meteorol Lab, Miami, FL - USA
[11] Univ Rhode Isl, Narragansett, RI - USA
[12] Univ Miami, Rosenstiel Sch Marine & Atmospher Sci, Coral Gables, FL 33124 - USA
[13] Univ Texas Austin, Jackson Sch Geosci, Oden Inst Computat Engn & Sci, Austin, TX 78712 - USA
[14] GEOMAR Helmholtz Ctr Ocean Res Kiel, Kiel - Germany
[15] Met Off Hadley Ctr, Exeter, Devon - England
[16] Univ Calif San Diego, Scripps Inst Oceanog, La Jolla, CA 92093 - USA
[17] Duke Univ, Nicholas Sch Environm, Durham, NC 27708 - USA
[18] CNRS, Lab Oceanog Phys & Spatiale, Plouzane - France
[19] Woods Hole Oceanog Inst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 - USA
[20] Bremen Univ, Ctr Marine Environm Sci MARUM, Inst Environm Phys IUP, Bremen - Germany
[21] Moat, Bengamin, I, Natl Oceanog Ctr, Southampton, Hants - England
[22] MIT, 77 Massachusetts Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139 - USA
[23] Dept Environm Affairs, Cape Town - South Africa
[24] Maynooth Univ, Dept Geog, ICARUS, Maynooth, Kildare - Ireland
[25] CNRS, Lab Meteorol Dynam, UMR Ecole Polytech 8539, ENS, Paris - France
[26] Natl Oceanog Ctr, Liverpool, Merseyside - England
Número total de Afiliações: 26
Tipo de documento: Artigo de Revisão
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN MARINE SCIENCE; v. 6, JUN 7 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 6
Resumo

The Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) extends from the Southern Ocean to the northern North Atlantic, transporting heat northwards throughout the South and North Atlantic, and sinking carbon and nutrients into the deep ocean. Climate models indicate that changes to the AMOC both herald and drive climate shifts. Intensive trans-basin AMOC observational systems have been put in place to continuously monitor meridional volume transport variability, and in some cases, heat, freshwater and carbon transport. These observational programs have been used to diagnose the magnitude and origins of transport variability, and to investigate impacts of variability on essential climate variables such as sea surface temperature, ocean heat content and coastal sea level. AMOC observing approaches vary between the different systems, ranging from trans-basin arrays (OSNAP, RAPID 26 degrees N, 11 degrees S, SAMBA 34.5 degrees S) to arrays concentrating on western boundaries (e.g., RAPID WAVE, MOVE 16 degrees N). In this paper, we outline the different approaches (aims, strengths and limitations) and summarize the key results to date. We also discuss alternate approaches for capturing AMOC variability including direct estimates (e.g., using sea level, bottom pressure, and hydrography from autonomous profiling floats), indirect estimates applying budgetary approaches, state estimates or ocean reanalyses, and proxies. Based on the existing observations and their results, and the potential of new observational and formal synthesis approaches, we make suggestions as to how to evaluate a comprehensive, future-proof observational network of the AMOC to deepen our understanding of the AMOC and its role in global climate. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/09659-6 - Variabilidade interanual dos transportes meridionais através da rede transatlântica SAMOC (SAMBAR)
Beneficiário:Edmo José Dias Campos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 11/50552-4 - Impacto do Atlântico Sul na célula de circulação meridional e no clima
Beneficiário:Edmo José Dias Campos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático