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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Non-LTE analysis of K I in late-type stars

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Autor(es):
Reggiani, Henrique [1, 2] ; Amarsi, Anish M. [1] ; Lind, Karin [1, 3] ; Barklem, Paul S. [4] ; Zatsarinny, Oleg [5] ; Bartschat, Klaus [5] ; Fursa, V, Dmitry ; Bray, Igor [6, 7] ; Spina, Lorenzo [8] ; Melendez, Jorge [2]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Max Planck Inst Astron, Konigstuhl 17, D-69117 Heidelberg - Germany
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, IAG, Dept Astron, Rua Matao 1226, Cidade Univ, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Observat Astrophys, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala - Sweden
[4] Uppsala Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Theoret Astrophys, Box 516, S-75120 Uppsala - Sweden
[5] Drake Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Des Moines, IA 50311 - USA
[6] Fursa, Dmitry, V, Curtin Inst Computat, Kent St, Perth, WA 6102 - Australia
[7] Fursa, Dmitry, V, Dept Phys & Astron, Kent St, Perth, WA 6102 - Australia
[8] Monash Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, Monash Ctr Astrophys, Clayton, Vic 3800 - Australia
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Astronomy & Astrophysics; v. 627, JUL 22 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Context. Older models of Galactic chemical evolution (GCE) predict {[}K/Fe] ratios as much as 1 dex lower than those inferred from stellar observations. Abundances of potassium are mainly based on analyses of the 7698 angstrom resonance line, and the discrepancy between GCE models and observations is in part caused by the assumption of local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE) in spectroscopic analyses. Aims. We study the statistical equilibrium of K I, focusing on the non-LTE effects on the 7698 angstrom line. We aim to determine how non-LTE abundances of potassium can improve the analysis of its chemical evolution, and help to constrain the yields of GCE models. Methods. We construct a new model K I atom that employs the most up-to-date atomic data. In particular, we calculate and present inelastic e+K collisional excitation cross-sections from the convergent close-coupling (CCC) and the B-Spline R-matrix (BSR) methods, and H+K collisions from the two-electron model (LCAO). We constructed a fine, extended grid of non-LTE abundance corrections based on 1D MARCS models that span 4000 < T-eff/K < 8000, 0.50 < log g < 5.00, -5.00 < {[}Fe/H] < +0.50, and applied the corrections to potassium abundances extracted from the literature. Results. In concordance with previous studies, we find severe non-LTE effects in the 7698 angstrom line. The line is stronger in non-LTE and the abundance corrections can reach approximately -0.7 dex for solar-metallicity stars such as Procyon. We determine potassium abundances in six benchmark stars, and obtain consistent results from different optical lines. We explore the effects of atmospheric inhomogeneity by computing for the first time a full 3D non-LTE stellar spectrum of K I lines for a test star. We find that 3D modeling is necessary to predict a correct shape of the resonance 7698 angstrom line, but the line strength is similar to that found in 1D non-LTE. Conclusions. Our non-LTE abundance corrections reduce the scatter and change the cosmic trends of literature potassium abundances. In the regime {[}Fe/H] less than or similar to -1.0 the non-LTE abundances show a good agreement with the GCE model with yields from rotating massive stars. The reduced scatter of the non-LTE corrected abundances of a sample of solar twins shows that line-by-line differential analysis techniques cannot fully compensate for systematic LTE modelling errors; the scatter introduced by such errors introduces a spurious dispersion to K evolution. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/18100-4 - Populações estelares na Via Láctea: bojo, halo, disco e regiões de formação de estrelas; instrumentação para espectroscopia de alta resolução
Beneficiário:Beatriz Leonor Silveira Barbuy
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 18/04055-8 - Espectroscopia de alta precisão: das primeiras estrelas aos planetas
Beneficiário:Jorge Luis Melendez Moreno
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático