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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

ForestGapR: An r Package for forest gap analysis from canopy height models

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Autor(es):
Silva, Carlos A. [1, 2] ; Valbuena, Ruben [3] ; Pinage, Ekena R. [4, 5] ; Mohan, Midhun [6, 7] ; de Almeida, Danilo R. A. [8] ; North, Eben [9] ; Jaafar, Wan Shafrina Wan Mohd [10] ; Papa, Daniel de A. Meida [11] ; Cardil, Adrian [12, 6] ; Klauberg, Carine [13]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
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[1] NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 - USA
[2] Univ Maryland, Dept Geog Sci, College Pk, MD 20742 - USA
[3] Bangor Univ, Sch Nat Sci, Bangor, Gwynedd - Wales
[4] Oregon State Univ, Coll Forestry, Corvallis, OR 97331 - USA
[5] Univ Technol Sydney, Sch Life Sci, Ultimo, NSW - Australia
[6] Univ Lleida, Dept Agr & Forest Engn, Av Alcalde Rovira Roure, Lleida - Spain
[7] North Carolina State Univ, Dept Forestry & Environm Resources, Raleigh, NC - USA
[8] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Forest Sci, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr USP ESALQ, Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
[9] Univ Florida, Sch Forest Resources & Conservat, Spatial Ecol & Conservat Lab, Gainesville, FL 32611 - USA
[10] Univ Kebangsaan Malaysia, Earth Observat Ctr, Inst Climate Change IPI, Bangi - Malaysia
[11] EMBRAPA Acre, Rio Branco - Brazil
[12] Tecnosylva, Parque Tecnol Leon, Leon 24009 - Spain
[13] Fed Univ Sao Joao Del Rei UFSJ, Sete Lagoas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 13
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: METHODS IN ECOLOGY AND EVOLUTION; v. 10, n. 8, p. 1347-1356, AUG 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

In forest ecosystems, many functional processes are governed by local canopy gap dynamics, caused by either natural or anthropogenic factors. Quantifying the size and spatial distribution of canopy gaps enables an improved understanding and predictive modelling of multiple environmental phenomena. For instance knowledge of canopy gap dynamics can help us elucidate time-integrated effects of tree mortality, regrowth and succession rates, carbon flux patterns, species heterogeneity and three-dimensional spacing within structurally complex forest ecosystems. Airborne Laser Scanning (ALS) has emerged as a technology that is well-suited for mapping forest canopy gaps in a wide variety of forest ecosystems and across spatial scales. New technological and algorithmic advances, including ALS remote-sensing, coupled with optimized frameworks for data processing and detection of forest canopy gaps, are allowing an enhanced understanding of forest structure and functional processes. This paper introduces ForestGapR, a cutting-edge open source r package for forest gap analysis from canopy height models derived from ALS and other remote sensing sources. The ForestGapR package offers tools to (a) automate forest canopy gap detection, (b) compute a series of gap statistics, including gap-size frequency distributions and spatial distribution, (c) map gap dynamics (when multitemporal ALS data are available) and (d) convert forest canopy gaps detected into raster or vector layers as per user requirements. As case studies, we run ForestGapR on ALS data collected over four different tropical forest regions worldwide. We hope this new package will enable further research towards understanding the distribution, dynamics and role of canopy gaps not only in tropical forests, but in other forest types elsewhere. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/21338-3 - Monitoramento da restauração de paisagens florestais usando Veículo Aéreo Não Tripulados com sensoriamento remoto Lidar e HiperEspectral
Beneficiário:Danilo Roberti Alves de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/05219-9 - Monitoramento de programas de restauração de paisagens florestais por meio de sensoriamento remoto lidar
Beneficiário:Danilo Roberti Alves de Almeida
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado