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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Day and night in the subterranean: measuring daily activity patterns of subterranean rodents (Ctenomys aff. knighti) using bio-logging

Texto completo
Jannetti, Milene G. [1] ; Buck, C. Loren [2] ; Valentinuzzi, Veronica S. [3] ; Oda, Gisele A. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biociencias, Dept Fisiol, Lab Binacl Argentina Brasil Cronobiol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] No Arizona Univ, Dept Biol Sci, POB 4185, Flagstaff, AZ 86011 - USA
[3] Ctr Reg Invest Cient & Transferencia Tecnol CRILA, Lab Binacl Argentina Brasil Cronobiol, Entre Rios & Mendoza S-N, RA-5301 Anillaco, La Rioja - Argentina
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Citações Web of Science: 2

While most studies of the impacts of climate change have investigated shifts in the spatial distribution of organisms, temporal shifts in the time of activity is another important adjustment made by animals in a changing world. Due to the importance of light and temperature cycles in shaping activity patterns, studies of activity patterns of organisms that inhabit extreme environments with respect to the 24-hour cyclicity of Earth have the potential to provide important insights into the interrelationships among abiotic variables, behaviour and physiology. Our previous laboratory studies with Argentinean tuco-tucos from the Monte desert (Ctenomys aff. knighti) show that these subterranean rodents display circadian activity/rest rhythms that can be synchronized by artificial light/dark cycles. Direct observations indicate that tuco-tucos emerge mainly for foraging and for removal of soil from their burrows. Here we used bio-logging devices for individual, long-term recording of daily activity/rest (accelerometry) and time on surface (light-loggers) of six tuco-tucos maintained in outdoor semi-natural enclosures. Environmental variables were measured simultaneously. Activity bouts were detected both during day and night but 77% of the highest values happened during the daytime and 47% of them coincided with time on surface. Statistical analyses indicate time of day and temperature as the main environmental factors modulating time on surface. In this context, the total duration that these subterranean animals spent on surface was high during the winter, averaging 3 h per day and time on surface occurred when underground temperature was lowest. Finally, transport of these animals to the indoor laboratory and subsequent assessment of their activity rhythms under constant darkness revealed a switch in the timing of activity. Plasticity of activity timing is not uncommon among desert rodents and may be adaptive in changing environments, such as the desert where this species lives. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 16/25058-0 - Sazonalidade dos padrões diários de atividade de superfície em um roedor subterrâneo, o tuco-tuco
Beneficiário:Milene Gomes Jannetti
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado
Processo FAPESP: 14/09324-6 - Cronobiologia de roedores subterrâneos (Ctenomys aff. knighti), em campo e com simulações computacionais
Beneficiário:Milene Gomes Jannetti
Modalidade de apoio: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 14/20671-0 - Cronobiologia de roedores subterrâneos sul americanos, em laboratório e em campo
Beneficiário:Gisele Akemi Oda
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 17/19680-2 - Fotoperiodismo em roedores subterrâneos sul americanos, por abordagem de campo e laboratório
Beneficiário:Gisele Akemi Oda
Modalidade de apoio: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular