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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Protein matters: ants remove herbivores more frequently from extrafloral nectary-bearing plants when habitats are protein poor

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Autor(es):
Passos, Felipe C. S. [1] ; Leal, Laura C. [1, 2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Feira de Santana, Programa Posgrad Zool, Av Transnordestina S-N, BR-44036900 Feira De Santana, BA - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Ecol & Biol Evolutiva, Rua Conceicao 215, BR-09972270 Diadema, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Biological Journal of the Linnean Society; v. 127, n. 2, p. 407-416, JUN 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

More aggressive and competitive ant species are better bodyguards for extrafloral nectary (EFN)-bearing plants. Therefore, any factor that increases the relative value of EFNs to ants should benefit the plants, because it would increase the probability of the plant interacting with more aggressive ants. We hypothesized that the frequency of plant attendance by more aggressive ants and the efficiency of plant defence by ants will be higher when the availability of carbohydrates and/or proteins to ants is low. We established 19 plots with five focal plants from the EFN-bearing species Turnera subulata per plot. For each focal plant, we recorded the identity of the attending ants and their efficiency in removing simulated herbivores from the plant. In each site, we estimated the biomass of soil arthropods and the number of apical meristems with active EFNs as proxies of protein and carbohydrate availability, respectively. The probability of interacting with more aggressive ant species was not influenced by the number of meristems with active EFNs or by arthropod biomass. However, simulated herbivores were removed more frequently in plots with lower arthropod biomass. This suggests that overall ant aggressiveness towards other arthropods increases in protein-poor sites, potentially increasing the efficiency with which EFN-bearing plants are defended against herbivores. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/13358-1 - Triagem de parceiros baseada em competição como mecanismo estabilizador de mutualismos facultativos entre plantas e formigas
Beneficiário:Laura Carolina Leal de Sousa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular