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Microscale Analyses of Mineral Particles in Sugar Cane Bagasse and Straw Shed Light on How Debris Can Be Incorporated into Biomass

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Autor(es):
Negrao, Djanira R. [1] ; Ling, Liu Y. [1] ; Bordonal, Ricardo O. [1] ; Driemeier, Carlos [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Biorenewables Natl Lab LNBR, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ENERGY & FUELS; v. 33, n. 10, p. 9965-9973, OCT 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Sugar cane bagasse and straw are vast, inexpensive renewable resources that can be used as solid fuels as well as feedstocks for production of materials, chemicals, and advanced biofuels. However, industrial valorization of bagasse and straw can be hampered by the mineral impurities commonly present in the biomass. In this work, we use synchrotron X-ray computed microtomography (mu CT) and scanning X-ray microfluorescence (mu XRF) to observe and analyze mineral particles in sugar cane bagasse and straw. On the basis of the microscale analyses, we suggest possible mechanisms that contribute to the incorporation of extraneous inorganic matter into biomass, especially soil debris. Our analyses discriminate between (1) mineral particles having a characteristic range of size (circa 5-27 mu m) found at surfaces as well as inside biomass particles, (2) the contribution of water that keeps larger mineral particles adhered to the biomass, and (3) soil aggregates that are adhered to the surfaces of straw, with no equivalent observed in bagasse. By focusing on microscale observations and proposition of mechanisms, we provide a framework to rationalize the high variability of inorganic contents in agricultural residues such as sugar cane bagasse and straw. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/07033-5 - Imageamento multimodal dos componentes inorgânicos intrínsecos e extrínsecos do bagaço e da palha de cana-de-açúcar
Beneficiário:Djanira Rodrigues Negrão
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 14/50884-5 - INCT 2014: Instituto Nacional de Ciência e Tecnologia do Bioetanol
Beneficiário:Marcos Silveira Buckeridge
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático