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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Constraining the rise of oxygen with oxygen isotopes

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Autor(es):
Killingsworth, B. A. [1, 2] ; Sansjofre, P. [1, 3] ; Philippot, P. [2, 4] ; Cartigny, P. [2] ; Thomazo, C. [5] ; Lalonde, S. V. [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Bretagne Occidentale, European Inst Marine Studies, CNRS, UMR6538, Lab Geosci Ocean, F-29280 Plouzane - France
[2] Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Paris Cite, CNRS, Inst Phys Globe Paris, UMR 7154, F-75005 Paris 05 - France
[3] Sorbonne Univ, Inst Mineral Phys Mat & Cosmochim, Museum Hist Nat, CNRS, UMR 7590, F-75005 Paris - France
[4] Univ Montpellier, CNRS, UMR 5243, Geosci Montpellier, Montpellier 5 - France
[5] Univ Bourgogne Franche Comte, CNRS, UMR uB 6282, Lab Biogeosci, 6 Bd Gabriel, F-21000 Dijon - France
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: NATURE COMMUNICATIONS; v. 10, OCT 29 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

After permanent atmospheric oxygenation, anomalous sulfur isotope compositions were lost from sedimentary rocks, demonstrating that atmospheric chemistry ceded its control of Earth's surficial sulfur cycle to weathering. However, mixed signals of anoxia and oxygenation in the sulfur isotope record between 2.5 to 2.3 billion years (Ga) ago require independent clarification, for example via oxygen isotopes in sulfate. Here we show <2.31 Ga sedimentary barium sulfates (barites) from the Turee Creek Basin, W. Australia with positive sulfur isotope anomalies of Delta S-33 up to +1.55% and low delta O-18 down to -19.5%. The unequivocal origin of this combination of signals is sulfide oxidation in meteoric water. Geochemical and sedimentary evidence suggests that these S-isotope anomalies were transferred from the paleo-continent under an oxygenated atmosphere. Our findings indicate that incipient oxidative continental weathering, ca. 2.8-2.5 Ga or earlier, may be diagnosed with such a combination of low delta O-18 and high Delta S-33 in sulfates. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/16235-2 - Evolução da vida e oxigenação da terra primitiva: uma perspectiva a partir da América do Sul
Beneficiário:Pascal Andre Marie Philippot
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa SPEC