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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Soil microbial community and activity in a tropical integrated crop-livestock system

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Sarto, Marcos V. M. [1, 2] ; Borges, Wander L. B. [3] ; Sarto, Jaqueline R. W. [2] ; Pires, Carlos A. B. [1] ; Rice, Charles W. [1] ; Rosolem, Ciro A. [2]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Kansas State Univ, Throckmorton Ctr 2701, Dept Agron, Manhattan, KS 66506 - USA
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, Dept Crop Sci, UNESP, Rua Jos Barbosa de Barros 1780, BR-18601030 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[3] Inst Agron IAC, Ctr Avancado Pesquisa Tecnol Agronegocio Seringue, Votuporanga, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: APPLIED SOIL ECOLOGY; v. 145, JAN 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Soil carbon (C) sequestration has been considered as a tool for mitigating increased atmospheric CO2. The soil C sink can be increased by the use of no-tillage, cover crops, crop rotations, and integrated crop-livestock systems (ICLS). ICLS is a strategy that replaces degraded pastures with silvopastoral systems to mitigate land degradation, but effects on soil biology are unknown. The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of Eucalyptus integrated with palisade grass on the soil microbial community and activity in the tropics. The study was conducted on an 8-year-old ICLS where two species of Eucalyptus (E. grancam and E. urograndis) were introduced into palisade grass {[}Urochloa brizantha (Hochst. Ex A. Rich.) R. Webster `Marandu']. Four sampling locations were collected at 0 (planting line), 2, 4, and 6 m (middle of the plots) from the Eucalyptus tree. A monoculture palisade grass pasture and a native savanna (Cerrado) were included for comparison. Soil water content was lower closer to the Eucalyptus plantation line. The introduction of Eucalyptus into the system resulted in C and nitrogen (N) stocks in the Eucalyptus line similar to the Cerrado and the monoculture pasture, supporting the potential of ICLS and the monoculture pasture to recover soil C and N stocks. Soil microbial community composition and enzymatic activity (beta-glucosidase, acid phosphatase, and N-acetyl glucosidase) were reduced near Eucalyptus but increased in the pasture component of the ICLS likely due to improved soil water conditions. Soil microbial biomass, actinomycete, gram-positive bacteria, AMF, and fungi abundance were significantly higher in the native Cerrado than in the monoculture pasture and ICLS. Soil water, aggregate size, soil enzymes, and microbial communities were not dependent on the types of Eucalyptus species introduced into the system. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/10656-3 - Contribuição do eucalipto para a matéria orgânica do solo em sistema integrado
Beneficiário:Marcos Vinicius Mansano Sarto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 16/14323-4 - Atividade microbiana em integração eucalipto e Urochloa
Beneficiário:Marcos Vinicius Mansano Sarto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Estágio de Pesquisa - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/08664-5 - Balanço de carbono e qualidade da matéria orgânica em sistemas de integração agricultura-pecuária
Beneficiário:Ciro Antonio Rosolem
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular