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Compositional uniqueness of diatoms and insects in subtropical streams is weakly correlated with riffle position and environmental uniqueness

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Castro, Emanuela [1] ; Siqueira, Tadeu [2] ; Melo, Adriano Sanches [3] ; Bini, Luis Mauricio [3] ; Landeiro, Victor Lemes [4] ; Schneck, Fabiana [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande, Inst Ciencias Biol, Rio Grande, RS - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Paulista, Inst Biociencias, UNESP, Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Goias, Dept Ecol, Goiania, Go - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Mato Grosso, Dept Bot & Ecol, Cuiaba, MT - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Hydrobiologia; v. 842, n. 1, p. 219-232, OCT 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Some local communities contribute more to beta diversity than others, which has been known as compositional uniqueness or local contribution to beta diversity. Compositional uniqueness should correlate positively with environmental uniqueness and site isolation. We evaluated compositional uniqueness (total and in terms of species replacement and nestedness) of periphytic diatoms and insects in subtropical streams and tested for correlates of these metrics. We sampled 90 riffles in a near-pristine catchment in the southeast Atlantic Forest of Brazil. The total compositional uniqueness for diatoms and insects were not associated to riffle position. However, the total compositional uniqueness of diatoms (presence-absence data), was correlated with the uniqueness of streambed substrate composition, while the total compositional uniqueness of insects did not correlate with any explanatory variable. The compositional uniqueness in terms of nestedness (presence-absence data) for diatoms and for insects (abundance data) was correlated positively with the uniqueness of substrate composition. Compositional uniqueness in terms of species replacement (abundance data) for insects was correlated negatively with the uniqueness of substrate composition. Our results indicate that subtle differences in environmental uniqueness, play a role in determining beta diversity in near-pristine streams. However, finding strong correlates of compositional uniqueness proved to be a difficult task. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 13/50424-1 - Scaling biodiversity in tropical and boreal streams: implications for diversity mapping and environmental assessment (ScaleBio)
Beneficiário:Tadeu de Siqueira Barros
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular