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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Impact of Polarization- and Mode-Dependent Gain on the Capacity of Ultra-Long-Haul Systems

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Mello, Darli A. A. [1, 2] ; Srinivas, Hrishikesh [1] ; Choutagunta, Karthik [1] ; Kahn, Joseph M. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Stanford Univ, Dept Elect Engn, EL Ginzton Lab, Stanford, CA 94305 - USA
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Sch Elect & Comp Engn, BR-13083970 Campinas - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Lightwave Technology; v. 38, n. 2, p. 303-318, JAN 15 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Motivated by the recent interest in single-mode semiconductor optical amplifiers and multimode erbium-doped fiber amplifiers, we present a unified, comprehensive treatment of the effect of polarization- and mode-dependent gain (PDG and MDG) on the capacity of ultra-long-haul transmission systems. We study the problem using simulations of a multisection model, including the effects of PDG or MDG and polarization mode dispersion (PMD) or modal dispersion. We also analytically derive exact expressions for the capacity distribution of PDG-impaired single-mode systems. In agreement with previous work, we find that PDG and MDG cause fluctuations in capacity, which reduces average capacity and may cause outage. We show that the multimode systems studied, with at least \$D = 14\$ spatial/polarization modes, have sufficient modal diversity and frequency diversity to strongly suppress capacity fluctuations and reduce outage probability so that the outage capacity approaches the average capacity. We show that single-mode systems, by contrast, inherently provide low modal and frequency diversity, making them more prone to outage. To alleviate this problem, frequency diversity can be increased by artificially inserting PMD. Finally, we quantify the PDG/MDG requirements of optical amplifiers to ensure that the average capacity is close (within a 1-2 \& x00A0;dB effective SNR loss) to the theoretical optimum. We show that these PDG/MDG requirements are stringent, especially considering the minimum-mean-square error linear equalizers implemented in typical multiple-input multiple-output receivers. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/14026-5 - Projeto e Otimização de Enlaces Ópticos Submarinos Usando Multiplexação por Divisão Espacial
Beneficiário:Darli Augusto de Arruda Mello
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Exterior - Pesquisa
Processo FAPESP: 15/24341-7 - Novas estratégias para enfrentar a ameaça de exaustão da capacidade
Beneficiário:Helio Waldman
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 15/24517-8 - Fotônica para internet de nova geração
Beneficiário:Hugo Enrique Hernández Figueroa
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático