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Influence of sleep bruxism severity on masticatory efficiency: electromyographic analysis

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Palinkas, M. [1, 2, 3] ; Seidel Coscarella, L. [3] ; Hirono Hotta, T. [3] ; Bataglion, C. [3] ; De Luca Canto, G. [4] ; Correa de Mello, E. [3] ; Napolitano Goncalves, L. M. [3] ; Siessere, S. [1, 3] ; Hallak Regalo, S. C. [1, 3]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst & Technol Translat Med INCT TM, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Anhanguera Fac, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Dent, Ave Cafe S-N, BR-14040904 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ARCHIVES ITALIENNES DE BIOLOGIE; v. 157, n. 2-3, p. 59-65, SEP 2019.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The objective of the present study was to ascertain masticatory efficiency by evaluating electromyographic activity in the masseter and temporalis muscles in subjects with sleep bruxism of varying severity, as determined by BiteStrip. Thirty-four subjects with sleep bruxism were divided into two groups: a mild sleep bruxism group with a mean (+/- standard deviation) age of 31.3 +/- 6.2 years (n = 15) and a severe sleep bruxism group with a mean age of 29.8 +/- 7.1 years (n = 19). Full-night polysomnography (PSG) was performed in eligible subjects. The linear envelope integral was used to determine masticatory efficiency on the basis of the electromyographic signal of the masseter and temporalis muscles during habitual and non-habitual chewing. There was significantly higher (p < .05) electromyographic activity in the severe bruxism group than in the mild bruxism group during both peanut chewing in the right (p = .03) and left (p = .03) temporalis muscles and raisin chewing in the right (p = .01) and left (p = .05) temporalis muscles. Furthermore, Parafilm M chewing showed similar results in the right (p = .008) and left (p = .02) temporalis muscles. These results suggested that subjects with severe sleep bruxism had lower masticatory efficiency. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 12/10228-6 - Impacto do bruxismo do sono na musculatura mastigatória: avaliação eletromiográfica, ultrassonográfica, força de mordida, função mastigatória e qualidade de vida
Beneficiário:Simone Cecilio Hallak Regalo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular