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GCN2-Like Kinase Modulates Stress Granule Formation During Nutritional Stress in Trypanosoma cruzi

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Malvezzi, Amaranta Muniz [1] ; Arico, Mirella [1] ; Souza-Melo, Normanda [1] ; dos Santos, Gregory Pedroso [1] ; Bittencourt-Cunha, Paula [1] ; Holetz, Fabiola Barbieri [2] ; Schenkman, Sergio [1]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Escola Paulista Med, Dept Microbiol Imunol & Parasitol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Fundacao Oswaldo Cruz FIOCRUZ, Inst Carlos Chagas, Curitiba, Parana - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY; v. 10, APR 16 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

The integrated stress response in eukaryotic cells is an orchestrated pathway that leads to eukaryotic Initiation Factor 2 alpha subunit (eIF2 alpha) phosphorylation at ser51 and ultimately activates pathways to mitigate cellular damages. Three putative kinases (Tck1, Tck2, and Tck3) are found in the Trypanosoma cruzi genome, the flagellated parasite that causes Chagas disease. These kinases present similarities to other eukaryotic eIF2 alpha kinases, exhibiting a typical insertion loop in the kinase domain of the protein. We found that this insertion loop is conserved among kinase 1 of several T. cruzi strains but differs among various Kinetoplastidae species, suggesting unique roles. Kinase 1 is orthologous of GCN2 of several eukaryotes, which have been implicated in the eIF2 alpha ser51 phosphorylation in situations that mainly affects the nutrients levels. Therefore, we further investigated the responses to nutritional stress of T. cruzi devoid of TcK1 generated by CRISPR/Cas9 gene replacement. In nutrient-rich conditions, replicative T. cruzi epimastigotes depleted of TcK1 proliferate as wild type cells but showed increased levels of polysomes relative to monosomes. Upon nutritional deprivation, the polysomes decreased more than in TcK1 depleted line. However, eIF2 alpha is still phosphorylated in TcK1 depleted line, as in wild type parasites. eIF2 alpha phosphorylation increased at longer incubations times, but KO parasites showed less accumulation of ribonucleoprotein granules containing ATP-dependent RNA helicase involved in mRNA turnover (DHH1) and Poly-A binding protein (PABP1). Additionally, the formation of metacyclic-trypomastigotes is increased in the absence of Tck1 compared to controls. These metacyclics, as well as tissue culture trypomastigotes derived from the TcK1 knockout line, were less infective to mammalian host cells, although replicated faster inside mammalian cells. These results indicate that GCN2-like kinase in T. cruzi affects stress granule formation, independently of eIF2 alpha phosphorylation upon nutrient deprivation. It also modulates the fate of the parasites during differentiation, invasion, and intracellular proliferation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 17/02416-0 - Secreção de proteínas em Trypanosoma
Beneficiário:Normanda Souza Melo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 18/07766-2 - Caracterização da TcCyp19 e avaliação do seu papel durante a infecção celular por Trypanosoma cruzi
Beneficiário:Gregory Pedroso dos Santos
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto