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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Short-term spatiotemporal variation of soil CO(2)emission, temperature, moisture and aeration in sugarcane field reform areas under the influence of precipitation events

Texto completo
Autor(es):
da Silva, Elienai Ferreira [1] ; Moitinho, Mara Regina [2] ; Teixeira, Daniel De Bortoli [3] ; Bicalho, Elton da Silva [1] ; Ferreira Castioni, Guilherme Adalberto [2] ; Pereira, Gener Tadeu [1] ; La Scala Jr, Newton
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ FCAV UNESP, Sch Agr & Vet Studies, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Biorenewables Natl Lab LNBR, Rua Giuseppe Maximo Scolfaro 10000, BR-13083100 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Marilia UNIMAR, Marilia, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SOIL USE AND MANAGEMENT; v. 36, n. 4, p. 658-670, OCT 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Soil CO(2)emission (FCO2) in agricultural areas results from the interaction of different factors such as climate and soil conditions. Our objective was to investigate the spatiotemporal variation of FCO2, temperature (T-soil), moisture (M-soil) and air-filled pore space (AFPS), as well as their interactions, during the sugarcane field reform. The study was conducted on a 90 x 90 m sampling grid with 100 points at 10 m spacings. Ten assessments of FCO2, T(soil)and M(soil)were carried out at each point over a 28-day period. The greatest mean values of FCO2(0.74 g m(-2) hr(-1)) and M-soil(31.7%) were obtained on Julian day 276, 2013, being associated with precipitation events at the study site. Also, the smallest values of AFPS (19.17%) and T-soil(20.90 degrees C) were observed on the same day. The spatial variability of FCO2, T-soil, M(soil)and AFPS was best described by an adjusted spherical model, although an exponential model better fitted some results. The spatial pattern of all soil attributes showed little temporal persistency, indicating a high complexity for FCO(2)during precipitation. Correlation maps assisted in identifying regions where M(soil)and AFPS better controlled the emission process and where T(soil)was important. A major challenge for world agriculture is to increase the efficiency of conventional soil management practices. We highlight the importance of the spatial pattern of soil properties that directly influence the CO(2)emission dynamics. Future mitigation actions should involve less intense tillage and ensure homogeneous applications of soil inputs, thereby reducing production costs and the contribution of these activities to CO(2)emissions during the sugarcane field reform. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/03634-3 - Variabilidade espacial da emissão de CO2 associada a comunidades bacterianas e propriedades do solo em área de cana-de-açúcar
Beneficiário:Mara Regina Moitinho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado