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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The endocranial anatomy of Buriolestes schultzi (Dinosauria: Saurischia) and the early evolution of brain tissues in sauropodomorph dinosaurs

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Autor(es):
Mueller, Rodrigo T. [1] ; Ferreira, Jose D. [2] ; Pretto, Flavio A. [2, 1] ; Bronzati, Mario [3] ; Kerber, Leonardo [2, 4, 1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Ctr Apoio Pesquisa Paleontol Quarta Colonia, RS 598, BR-97230000 Sao Joao Do Polesine - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Santa Maria, Programa Posgrad Biodiversidade Anim, Santa Maria, RS - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Evolucao & Biol Integrat, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Museu Paraense Emilio Goeldi, Coordenacao Ciencias Terra & Ecol, Belem, Para - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Anatomy; v. 238, n. 4 NOV 2020.
Citações Web of Science: 0
Resumo

Our knowledge on the anatomy of the first dinosaurs (Late Triassic, 235-205 Ma) has drastically increased in the last years, mainly due to several new findings of exceptionally well-preserved specimens. Nevertheless, some structures such as the neurocranium and its associated structures (brain, labyrinth, cranial nerves, and vasculature) remain poorly known, especially due to the lack of specimens preserving a complete and articulated neurocranium. This study helps to fill this gap by investigating the endocranial cavity of one of the earliest sauropodomorphs, Buriolestes schultzi, from the Upper Triassic (Carnian-c. 233 Ma) of Brazil. The endocranial anatomy of this animal sheds light on the ancestral condition of the brain of sauropodomorphs, revealing an elongated olfactory tract combined to a relatively small pituitary gland and well-developed flocculus of the cerebellum. These traits change drastically across the evolutionary history of sauropodomorphs, reaching the opposite morphology in Jurassic times. Furthermore, we present here the first calculations of the Reptile Encephalization Quotient (REQ) for a Triassic dinosaur. The REQ of B. schultzi is lower than that of Jurassic theropods, but higher than that of later sauropodomorphs. The combination of cerebral, dental, and postcranial data suggest that B. schultzi was an active small predator, able to track moving prey. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 18/18145-9 - Integrando evo-devo e paleontologia no estudo da origem e evolução do ouvido timpânico em diapsida
Beneficiário:Mario Bronzati Filho
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado