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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Inequalities in transit accessibility: Contributions from a comparative study between Global South and North metropolitan regions

Texto completo
Giannotti, Mariana [1, 2] ; Barros, Joana [3] ; Tomasiello, Diego B. [2] ; Smith, Duncan [4] ; Pizzol, Bruna [2] ; Santos, Beatriz M. [2] ; Zhong, Chen [5] ; Shen, Yao [4] ; Marques, Eduardo [1] ; Batty, Michael [4]
Número total de Autores: 10
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Metropolitan Studies, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Geospatial Anal, Polytech Sch, Ave Prof Almeida Prado, Travessa 2, 83, BR-05508070 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Birkbeck Univ London, London - England
[4] UCL, Ctr Adv Spatial Anal, London - England
[5] Kings Coll London, London - England
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: CITIES; v. 109, FEB 2021.
Citações Web of Science: 0

Accessibility metrics have been increasingly employed as a tool to explore the social impacts of transport systems and policies. However, few empirical studies of accessibility involve comparisons between cities from countries with different levels of development, in particular, across the Global South and North. This paper attempts to bridge this gap by focusing on two very distinct, but similarly sized, large metropolitan regions: Sao Paulo and London, for which we develop comparative metrics. These metrics are used to identify patterns for different occupational groups (used as a proxy to socioeconomic groups) and discuss transit accessibility inequalities. The issues imposed by a comparative study of urban regions with particular characteristics are discussed. The study applies the results of one metropolitan region to contrast with the other and explore how characteristics of each region's public transport system and spatial mismatch between residential and workplace locations are related to inequalities. Group's condition was represented in the Lorenz curve, also revealing a new strategy to be adopted by comparability studies on inequalities. The results from Lorenz curve and Gini coefficient reveal larger transit accessibility inequalities in Sao Paulo than London. The proposed group representation enriched the comparability perspective as a tool to support transport planning. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 15/50127-2 - Resolution: resilient systems for land use transportation
Beneficiário:Eduardo Cesar Leão Marques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático