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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Influence of multidrug efflux systems on methylene blue-mediated photodynamic inactivation of Candida albicans

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Autor(es):
Prates, Renato A. [1] ; Kato, Ilka T. [1] ; Ribeiro, Martha S. [1] ; Tegos, George P. [2, 3, 4] ; Hamblin, Michael R. [2, 3, 5]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] IPEN CNEN SP, Ctr Lasers & Applicat, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Massachusetts Gen Hosp, Wellman Ctr Photomed, Boston, MA 02114 - USA
[3] Harvard Univ, Sch Med, Dept Dermatol, Boston, MA 02115 - USA
[4] Univ New Mexico, Sch Med, Dept Pathol, Albuquerque, NM 87131 - USA
[5] Harvard Mit Div Hlth Sci & Technol, Cambridge, MA 02139 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy; v. 66, n. 7, p. 1525-1532, JUL 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 52
Resumo

Objectives: To investigate whether the major fungal multidrug efflux systems (MESs) affect the efficiency of methylene blue (MB)-mediated antimicrobial photodynamic inactivation (APDI) in pathogenic fungi and test specific inhibitors of these efflux systems to potentiate APDI. Methods: Candida albicans wild-type and mutants that overexpressed two classes of MESs {[}ATP-binding cassette (ABC) and major facilitator superfamily (MFS)] were tested for APDI using MB as the photosensitizer with and without addition of MES inhibitors. The uptake and cytoplasm localization of photosensitizer were achieved using laser confocal microscopy. Results: ABC MES overexpression reduced MB accumulation and APDI killing more than MFS MES overexpression. Furthermore, by combining MB APDI with the ABC inhibitor verapamil, fungal killing and MB uptake were potentiated, while by combining MB APDI with the MFS inhibitor INF(271), fungal killing and MB uptake were inhibited. This latter surprising finding may be explained by the hypothesis that the MFS channel can also serve as an uptake mechanism for MB. Conclusions: The ABC pumps are directly implicated in MB efflux from the cell cytoplasm. Both the influx and efflux of MB may be regulated by MFS systems, and blocking this gate before incubation with MB can decrease the uptake and APDI effects. An ABC inhibitor could be usefully combined with MB APDI for treating C. albicans infections. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/13313-9 - Desenvolvimento de metodologias para o estudo do efeito fotodinâmico em infecções fúngicas
Beneficiário:Martha Simões Ribeiro
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular