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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Class II correction improves nocturnal breathing in adolescents

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Autor(es):
Barros Schuetza, Teresa Cristina [1] ; Dominguez, Gladys Cristina [2] ; Hallinan, Marcia Pradella [1] ; Abrahao Cunha, Thays Crosara [1] ; Tufik, Sergio [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Psychobiol, BR-04024002 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Orthodont, BR-04024002 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: ANGLE ORTHODONTIST; v. 81, n. 2, p. 222-228, MAR 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 30
Resumo

Objective: To examine modifications in sleep pattern and in craniofacial morphology of adolescents with mandibular retrognathism. Materials and Methods: Sixteen subjects at maximum pubertal growth (12.6 years {[}+/- 11.5 months]) were selected and treated for 12 months with maxillary expansion and mandibular advancement with a Herbst appliance. Cephalometric radiography and magnetic resonance imaging were obtained prior to and after treatment and were compared using the paired Student's t-test or the nonparametric Wilcoxon rank-sum test. Four polysomnographic recordings were obtained with pressurized nasal cannulae and were analyzed by analysis of variance. Results: The length of the mandible was increased, while the antero-posterior position of the maxilla remained stable. The posterior airway space was increased, the length of the tongue was preserved, and the hyoid bone was moved to a more anterior position. After Herbst treatment, sleep efficiency, sleep latency, rapid eye movement (REM) sleep latency, and percentage of REM sleep remained stable. We did observe a reduction (P < .05) in the relative proportions of stage 1 and stage 3-4 (from 4.30 +/- 1.99 to 2.61 +/- 1.83 for stage 1 and from 25.78 +/-. 7.00 to 19.17 +/- 7.58 for stages 3-4) as well as an increase (P < .01) in the percentage of stage 2 after treatment (49.03 +/- 6.25 to 56.90 +/- 6.22). There was a reduction (P < .05) in the number of respiratory effort related arousals (7.06 +/- 5.37 to 1.31 +/- 1.45 per hour of sleep) due to an increase (P < .01) in airway volume. Conclusions: In the short term, the increase in airway space improved nocturnal breathing associated with the correction of mandibular retrognathism. (Angle Orthod. 2011;81:222-228.) (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 98/14303-3 - Center for Sleep Studies
Beneficiário:Sergio Tufik
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs