Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Comparative gas exchange performance during the wet season of three Brazilian Styrax species under habitat conditions of cerrado vegetation types differing in soil water availability and crown density

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Habermann, Gustavo [1] ; Ellsworth, Patricia F. V. [2] ; Cazoto, Juliana L. [3] ; Simao, Edson [1] ; Bieras, Angela C. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] UNESP Univ Estadual Pardista, Inst Biociencias, Dept Bot, BR-13506900 Rio Claro, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Miami, Dept Biol, Coral Gables, FL 33124 - USA
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Biol Vegetal, IB, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FLORA; v. 206, n. 4, p. 351-359, 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

We studied the influence of environmental conditions in different vegetation types of the Brazilian savanna (cerrado s.l.) on CO(2) assimilation and water use efficiency of Styrax ferrugineus, S. camporum and S. pohlii, which are morphologically similar but have distinct distribution patterns. We measured leaf gas exchange and water relations in adult and young plants. Adult plants of S. ferrugineus were measured in the cerrado s. str.: plants of S. camporum at the edge of cerradao, a woodland vegetation; and in a riparian forest those of S. pohlii. Eight-month-old young plants were planted in the cerrado s. str., at the edge and in the understory of the cerradao, and in the understory of the riparian forest. For young plants, the high light availability in the cerrado s. str. resulted in a threefold greater CO(2) assimilation rate (A) compared to the other sites. A of adult plants under full irradiation (1800 mu mol photons m(-2) s(-1)) was significantly lower in S. pohlii compared to S. ferrugineus and S. camporum. Although sufficient soil water was available at every site at the end of the wet season, the extreme high water content in the riparian forest soil led to increased stomatal conductance (gs) and transpiration rate (E) for young plants of S. camporum and S. pohlii, but not of S. ferrugineus. However, the large gs in S. pohlii and S. camporum young plants did not result in higher A rates. The differences may indicate some specialization of S. ferrugineus to best growth in open savanna and of S. pohlii in riparian forest habitats. The high water use efficiency of S. camporum young plants in the understory of cerradao seems not yet sufficient to emphasize that this species benefits from this particular habitat. Because, while water supply during the wet season is quite sufficient, soil water deficits and frequent fires can occur during the dry season and might modify strongly the habitat conditions for the three Styrax species. (C) 2010 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/01125-8 - Trocas gasosas e sistema de resposta antioxidativo em duas espécies congêneres de Styrax, correntes em formações vegetais com distintas disponibilidades hídricas
Beneficiário:Patricia Fernandes Vendramini
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica
Processo FAPESP: 06/01180-9 - Estudo sazonal de variáveis ecofisiológicas de duas espécies congêneres de Styrax sp ocorrentes em ambientes com diferente disponibilidade hídrica
Beneficiário:Juliana Lacorte Cazoto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Iniciação Científica