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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Influence of the irradiation distance and the use of cooling to increase enamel-acid resistance with Er:YAG laser

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Autor(es):
Correa-Afonso, Alessandra M. [1] ; Ciconne-Nogueira, Juliane C. [1] ; Pecora, Jesus D. [1] ; Palma-Dibb, Regina G. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Sch Dent, Dept Restorat Dent, BR-14040904 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Dentistry; v. 38, n. 7, p. 534-540, JUL 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the influence of irradiation distance and the use of cooling in the Er:YAG laser efficacy in preventing enamel demineralization. Methods: 84 enamel blocks were randomly assigned to seven groups (n = 12): G1: control group - no treatment, G2-G7: experimental groups treated with Er:YAG laser (80 mJ/2 Hz) at different irradiation distances with or without cooling: G2: 4 mm/2 mL; G3: 4 mm/no cooling; G4: 8 mm/2 mL; G5: 8 mm/no cooling; G6: 16 mm/2 mL; G7: 16 mm/no cooling. The samples were submitted to an in vitro pH cycles for 14 days. Next, the specimens were sectioned in sections of 80-100 mu m in thickness and the demineralization patterns of prepared slices were assessed using a polarized light microscope. Three samples from each group were analyzed with scanning electronic microscopy. Analysis of variance and the Fisher test were performed for the statistical analysis of the data obtained from the caries-lesion-depth measurements (CLDM) (alpha = 5%). Results: The control group (CLDM = 0.67 mm) was statistically different from group 2 (CLDM = 0.42 mm), which presented a smaller lesion depth, and group 6 (0.91 mm), which presented a greater lesion depth. The results of groups 3 (CLDM = 0.74 mm), 4 (CLDM = 0.70 mm), 5 (CLDM = 0.67 mm) and 7 (CLDM = 0.89 mm) presented statistical similarity. The scanning electronic microscopy analysis showed ablation areas in the samples from groups 4, 5, 6 and 7, and a slightly demineralized area in group 2. Conclusions: It was possible to conclude that Er:YAG laser was efficient in preventing enamel demineralization at a 4-mm irradiation distance using cooling. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 06/05750-4 - Uso do laser Er:YAG para a prevenção de cáries em sulcos e fissuras: estudo in vitro e in situ
Beneficiário:Alessandra Marques Corrêa Afonso
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado