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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Fungal tyrosine betaine, a novel secondary metabolite from conidia of entomopathogenic Metarhizium spp. fungi

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Carollo, Carlos A. [1] ; Calil, Ana Luiza A. [2] ; Schiave, Leticia A. [2] ; Guaratini, Thais [3] ; Roberts, Donald W. [4] ; Lopes, Norberto P. [1] ; Braga, Gilberto U. L. [2]
Número total de Autores: 7
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Quim & Fis, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Ciencias Farmaceut Ribeirao Preto, Dept Anal Clin Toxicol & Bromatol, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim, Dept Bioquim, BR-05508900 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Utah State Univ, Dept Biol, Logan, UT 84322 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: FUNGAL BIOLOGY; v. 114, n. 5-6, p. 473-480, MAY-JUN 2010.
Citações Web of Science: 23
Resumo

Fungi, including the entomopathogenic deuteromycete Metarhizium anisopliae, produce a wide diversity of secondary metabolites that either can be secreted or stored in specific developmental structures, e.g., conidia. Some secondary metabolites, such as pigments, polyols and mycosporines, are associated with pathogenicity and/or fungal tolerance to several stress-inducing environmental factors, including temperature and solar radiation extremes. Extracts of M. anisopliae var. anisopliae (strain ESALQ-1037) conidia were purified by chromatographic procedures and the isolated compounds analyzed by (1)H and (13)C nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and high-resolution mass spectrometry. LC-MS analyses were carried out to search for mycosporines (the initial targets), but no compounds of this class were detected. A molecule whose natural occurrence was previously undescribed was identified. It consists of betaine conjugated with tyrosine, and the structure was identified as 2-({[}1-carboxy-2-(4-hydroxyphenyl)ethyl]amino)-N,N,N-trimethyl-2-oxoeth anammonium. mannitol was the predominant compound in the alcoholic conidial extract, but no amino acids other than tyrosine were found to be conjugated with betaine in conidia. The fungal tyrosine betaine was detected also in conidial extracts of three other M. anisopliae var. anisopliae (ARSEF 1095, 5626 and 5749) and three M. anisopliae var. acridum isolates (ARSEF 324, 3391 and 7486), but it was not detected in Aspergillus nidulans conidial extract (ATCC 10074). (C) 2010 The British Mycological Society. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/07702-9 - Abordagens genômica e proteômica para a identificação de genes e de proteínas envolvidos na tolerância à radiação solar em fungos: aplicações para o desenvolvimento de fotossensibilizadores e para a obtenção de linhagens mais tolerantes à radiação UV
Beneficiário:Gilberto Úbida Leite Braga
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Apoio a Jovens Pesquisadores