Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Implications of long-term land-use change for the hydrology and solute budgets of small catchments in Amazonia

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Germer, Sonja [1] ; Neill, Christopher [2] ; Vetter, Tobias [1] ; Chaves, Joaquin [2] ; Krusche, Alex V. [3] ; Elsenbeer, Helmut [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Potsdam, Inst Geoecol, D-14476 Golm - Germany
[2] Marine Biol Lab, Ctr Ecosyst, Woods Hole, MA 02543 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, CENA, BR-13400970 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Journal of Hydrology; v. 364, n. 3-4, p. 349-363, Jan. 2009.
Citações Web of Science: 56
Assunto(s):Florestas tropicais   Pastagens   Ecossistema amazônico   Amazônia
Resumo

The replacement of undisturbed tropical forest with cattle pasture has the potential to greatly modify the hydrology of small watersheds and the fluxes of solutes. We examined the fluxes of water, Cl(-), NO(3)(-)-N: SO(4)(2--)-S, NH(4)(+)-N, Na(+), K(+), Mg(2+) and Ca(2+) in different flow paths in similar to 1 ha catchments of undisturbed open tropical rainforest and a 20 year-old pasture established from forest in the southwestern Brazilian Amazon state of Rondonia. Storm flow discharge was 18% of incident rainfall in pasture, but only 1% in forest. Quickflow predominated over baseflow in both catchments and in both wet and dry seasons. In the pasture, groundwater and quickflow were important flow paths for the export of all solutes. In the forest, quickflow was important for NO(3)(-)-N export, but all other solutes were exported primarily by groundwater outflow. Both catchments were sinks for SO(4)(2-)-S and Ca(2+), and sources of Na(+). The pasture catchment also lost K(+) and Mg(2+) because of higher overland flow frequency and volume and to cattle excrement. These results show that forest clearing dramatically influences small watershed hydrology by increasing quickflow and water export to streams. They also indicate that tropical forest watersheds are highly conservative for most solutes but that pastures continue to lose important cations even decades after deforestation and pasture establishment. (c) 2008 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/13172-2 - O papel dos sistemas fluviais amazônicos no balanço regional e global de carbono: evasão de CO2 e interações entre os ambientes terrestres e aquáticos
Beneficiário:Reynaldo Luiz Victória
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático