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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Effect of pH and temperature on the global compactness, structure, and activity of cellobiohydrolase Cel7A from Trichoderma harzianum

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Autor(es):
Colussi, Francieli [1] ; Garcia, Wanius [2] ; Rosseto, Flavio Rodolfo [1] ; Soares de Mello, Bruno Luan [1] ; de Oliveira Neto, Mario [1] ; Polikarpov, Igor [1]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, IFSC, Grp Cristalog, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Abc, CCNH, Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: EUROPEAN BIOPHYSICS JOURNAL WITH BIOPHYSICS LETTERS; v. 41, n. 1, p. 89-98, JAN 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 13
Resumo

Due to its elevated cellulolytic activity, the filamentous fungus Trichoderma harzianum (T. harzianum) has considerable potential in biomass hydrolysis application. Cellulases from Trichoderma reesei have been widely used in studies of cellulose breakdown. However, cellulases from T. harzianum are less-studied enzymes that have not been characterized biophysically and biochemically as yet. Here, we examined the effects of pH and temperature on the secondary and tertiary structures, compactness, and enzymatic activity of cellobiohydrolase Cel7A from T. harzianum (Th Cel7A) using a number of biophysical and biochemical techniques. Our results show that pH and temperature perturbations affect Th Cel7A stability by two different mechanisms. Variations in pH modify protonation of the enzyme residues, directly affecting its activity, while leading to structural destabilization only at extreme pH limits. Temperature, on the other hand, has direct influence on mobility, fold, and compactness of the enzyme, causing unfolding of Th Cel7A just above the optimum temperature limit. Finally, we demonstrated that incubation with cellobiose, the product of the reaction and a competitive inhibitor, significantly increased the thermal stability of Th Cel7A. Our studies might provide insights into understanding, at a molecular level, the interplay between structure and activity of Th Cel7A at different pH and temperature conditions. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/08370-3 - Estudos biofísicos e bioquímicos de exoglicanases do fungo Trichoderma harzianum envolvidas na biodegradação da celulose
Beneficiário:Wanius José Garcia da Silva
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 09/54035-4 - EMU: facility para estudos avançados de materiais nanoestruturados e biossistemas / FAMA
Beneficiário:Igor Polikarpov
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa Equipamentos Multiusuários
Processo FAPESP: 10/16542-9 - Estudos de enzimas celulolíticas com potencial na transformação enzimática da biomassa de cana-de-açúcar utilizando Espalhamento de Raios-X a Baixo Ângulo
Beneficiário:Mario de Oliveira Neto
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado