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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Increased CO2 emission and organic matter decomposition by leaf-cutting ant nests in a coastal environment

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Sousa-Souto, Leandro [1, 2] ; de Jesus Santos, Danielle Caroline [1] ; Ambrogi, Bianca Giuliano [1] ; Campos dos Santos, Mario Jorge [3] ; Bueno Guerra, Marcelo Braga [4] ; Pereira-Filho, Edenir Rodrigues [4]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed Sergipe, Entomol Lab, BR-49100000 Sergipe - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sergipe, Nucleo Grad Ecol, BR-49100000 Sergipe - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sergipe, Dept Ciencias Florestais, BR-49100000 Sergipe - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Quim, GAIA, BR-13600940 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 4
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY; v. 44, n. 1, p. 21-25, JAN 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 16
Resumo

Leaf-cutting ants perform a vital role in the cycling of carbon and nutrients in tropical ecosystems. Nests have high levels of organic matter and refuse dumps host up to two times more soil micro-organisms than non-nest soil. The increased levels of organic matter in the soil of nests, however, can affect CO2 emissions from soil and alter the balance of atmospheric CO2. We aimed at assessing the effect of nests of the leaf-cutting ant Acromyrmex balzani on CO2 emissions in a coastal area of Northeast Brazil. Results show that A. balzani nests emitted up to four times more CO2 than the surrounding soil and emissions were positively correlated with soil moisture and soil organic matter (SOM) content. In addition, field experiments demonstrated that refuse material has a lower residence time than the leaf material brought to the colonies. Despite the high density of nests and high content of SOM compared to adjacent control soil. CO2 emissions by A. balzani nests represent only 0.3% of the total CO2 efflux by the studied ecosystem. Although these effluxes account for a relative small portion of the total soil CO2 emission, they are still important for the understanding of C balance, especially when one considers the thousands of tons of CO2 emitted each day, across entire Neotropical regions where leaf-cutting ants occur. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/08260-3 - Análises químicas de amostras ambientais da Antártica: determinação espectrométrica de Cd, Cr, Ni e Pb, uso de micro-fluorescência de Raios-X com radiação síncrotron e aplicações de ferramentas quimiométricas
Beneficiário:Marcelo Braga Bueno Guerra
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado Direto