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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

The effects of different temperature and salinity levels on the acute toxicity of zinc in the Pink Shrimp (Farfantepenaeus paulensis)

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Barbieri, Edison [1] ; Doi, Sonia Assami [1]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] SAA SP, APTA, Inst Pesca, Programa Posgrad, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: MARINE AND FRESHWATER BEHAVIOUR AND PHYSIOLOGY; v. 44, n. 4, p. 251-263, 2011.
Citações Web of Science: 17
Resumo

The purpose of this study was to measure the acute toxicity of zinc (Zn) on Farfantepenaeus paulensis at different salinities and temperatures by monitoring oxygen consumption. This aspect of the effect of zinc has not been studied in this important commercial species before. First, we examined the acute toxicity of zinc in F. paulensis at 24, 48, 72, and 96 h medium lethal concentration (LC(50)). One hundred and fifty shrimp were employed for the routine metabolism measurement utilizing sealed respirometers. Ten shrimp were subjected to oxygen consumption measurements in one of the four concentrations of zinc (control, 0.5, 1.0, 2.0, and 3.0 mg L(-1)) at three salinities (36, 20, and 5) and three temperatures (25 degrees C, 20 degrees C, and 15 degrees C). Zinc was significantly more toxic at a salinity of 5 than at 20 or 36. The oxygen consumption was estimated through experiments performed on each of the 12 possible combinations of three temperatures (25 degrees C, 20 degrees C, and 15 degrees C) and three salinities (36, 20, and 5). The shrimp showed a significant reduction in oxygen consumption at a salinity of 5. The results show that the oxygen consumption decreases with respect to the zinc concentration in all temperatures studied. At the highest zinc concentration employed (3.0 mg L(-1)), the salinity 5 and the temperature at 25 degrees C, oxygen consumption decreases 60.92% in relation to the control. The results show that zinc is more toxic to F. paulensis at lower salinities. The significance of the findings for the biology of the species close to sources of zinc is discussed. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 07/50147-7 - Efeito do zinco e cádmio sobre o camarão rosa (Farfantepenaeus paulensis Pérez-Farfante, 1967, Decapoda, Peneidae, Crustacea), em três temperaturas e salinidade diferentes
Beneficiário:Edison Barbieri
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular