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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

On the Evolution of Hexose Transporters in Kinetoplastid Potozoans

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Autor(es):
Alejandro Pereira, Claudio [1] ; Silber, Ariel Mariano [2]
Número total de Autores: 2
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Inst Invest Med Alfredo Lanari, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Ciencias Biomed, Dept Parasitol, BR-05508 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: PLoS One; v. 7, n. 5 MAY 2 2012.
Citações Web of Science: 2
Resumo

Glucose, an almost universally used energy and carbon source, is processed through several well-known metabolic pathways, primarily glycolysis. Glucose uptake is considered to be the first step in glycolysis. In kinetoplastids, a protozoan group that includes relevant human pathogens, the importance of glucose uptake in different phases of the life cycles is well established, and hexose transporters have been proposed as targets for therapeutic drugs. However, little is known about the evolutionary history of these hexose transporters. Hexose transporters contain an intracellular N- and C-termini, and 12 transmembrane spans connected by alternate intracellular and extracellular loops. In the present work we tested the hypothesis that the evolutionary rate of the transmembrane span is different from that of the whole sequence and that it is possible to define evolutionary units inside the sequence. The phylogeny of whole molecules was compared to that of their transmembrane spans and the loops connecting the transmembrane spans. We show that the evolutionary units in these proteins primarily consist of clustered rather than individual transmembrane spans. These analyses demonstrate that there are evolutionary constraints on the organization of these proteins; more specifically, the order of the transmembrane spans along the protein is highly conserved. Finally, we defined a signature sequence for the identification of kinetoplastid hexose transporters. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50631-1 - Metabolismo de histidina: o papel da via histina-glutamato na biologia do Trypanosoma cruzi
Beneficiário:Ariel Mariano Silber
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular