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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Different anode catalyst for high temperature polybenzimidazole-based direct ethanol fuel cells

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Linares, Jose J. [1] ; Rocha, Thairo A. [1] ; Zignani, Sabrina [1] ; Paganin, Valdecir A. [1] ; Gonzalez, Ernesto R. [1]
Número total de Autores: 5
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Quim Sao Carlos, BR-13560970 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF HYDROGEN ENERGY; v. 38, n. 1, p. 620-630, JAN 11 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 24
Resumo

Five different bimetallic catalyst formulations (PtRu/C, PtSn/C, PtW/C, PtRh/C and PtOs/C) were prepared by reduction with sodium borohydride, and physico-chemically characterized by X-Ray Diffraction, Transmission Electron Microscopy, Temperature Programmed Reduction and X-Ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy. It was observed that in the case of the PtRu/C and PtRh/C a large fraction of the second metal enters the platinum lattice structure. The remaining metal, and in those catalysts in which no alloy was formed, its deposition was in a mixed metallic (Os) and/or oxide form, as TPR and XPS results displayed. Crystal sizes were in the range 3-5 nm, except for the case of the PtW/C in which there was a large agglomeration of platinum particles, as the TEM images confirmed. Electrochemical half-cell tests demonstrated the better performance of these bimetallic catalysts in terms of ethanol oxidation, with lower onset potential and larger current densities, particularly in the case of the PtOs/C, PtRu/C and PtRh/C materials, and to a lower extent in the case of the PtSn/C. Actual fuel cell tests at high temperature (150 and 200 degrees C) confirmed the beneficial effects of increasing the temperature in terms of cell performance, with an increase in the performance, particularly in the cases of PtOs/C and PtRu/C. Finally, the product distribution was also assessed, observing a large conversion to CO2 by operating at high temperatures, particularly for PtRh/C at low current density, and for Pt/C at high current density (up to 35%), although acetaldehyde remained as the main oxidation product for all the catalysts. Copyright (c) 2012, Hydrogen Energy Publications, LLC. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 10/07108-3 - Desenvolvimento de estratégias para aumentar a eficiência da reação de oxidação de etanol pelo mecanismo de 12 elétrons, dando CO2 como produto, no contexto das células a combustível de etanol direto
Beneficiário:José Joaquín Linares León
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado