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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Temporal variability of the meridional overturning circulation at 34.5 degrees S: Results from two pilot boundary arrays in the South Atlantic

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Autor(es):
Meinen, Christopher S. [1] ; Speich, Sabrina [2, 3] ; Perez, Renellys C. [1, 4] ; Dong, Shenfu [1, 4] ; Piola, Alberto R. [5, 6] ; Garzoli, Silvia L. [1, 4] ; Baringer, Molly O. [1] ; Gladyshev, Sergey [7] ; Campos, Edmo J. D. [8]
Número total de Autores: 9
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] NOAA, Atlantic Oceanog & Meteorol Lab, Phys Oceanog Div, Miami, FL 33149 - USA
[2] Univ Brest, Lab Phys Oceans, Brest - France
[3] IFREMER, Brest - France
[4] Univ Miami, Cooperat Inst Marine & Atmospher Studies, Miami, FL - USA
[5] Serv Hidrog Naval, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[6] Univ Buenos Aires, UMI, IFAECI, CONICET, CNRS, Buenos Aires, DF - Argentina
[7] PP Shirshov Oceanol Inst, Moscow - Russia
[8] Univ Sao Paulo, Oceanog Inst, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 8
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: JOURNAL OF GEOPHYSICAL RESEARCH-OCEANS; v. 118, n. 12, p. 6461-6478, DEC 2013.
Citações Web of Science: 28
Resumo

Data from two boundary arrays deployed along 34.5 degrees S are combined to produce the first continuous in situ time series observations of the basin-wide meridional overturning circulation (MOC) in the South Atlantic. Daily estimates of the MOC between March 2009 and December 2010 range between 3 Sv and 39 Sv (1 Sv=10(6) m(3) s(-1)) after a 10 day low-pass filter is applied. Much of the variability in this approximate to 20 month record occurs at periods shorter than 100 days. Approximately two-thirds of the MOC variability is due to changes in the geostrophic (baroclinic plus barotropic) volume transport, with the remainder associated with the direct wind-forced Ekman transport. When low-pass filtered to match previously published analyses in the North Atlantic, the observed temporal standard deviation at 34.5 degrees S matches or somewhat exceeds that observed by time series observations at 16 degrees N, 26.5 degrees N, and 41 degrees N. For periods shorter than 20 days the basin-wide MOC variations are most strongly influenced by Ekman flows, while at periods between 20 and 90 days the geostrophic flows tend to exert slightly more control over the total transport variability of the MOC. The geostrophic shear variations are roughly equally controlled by density variations on the western and eastern boundaries at all time scales captured in the record. The observed time-mean MOC vertical structure and temporal variability agree well with the limited independent observations available for confirmation. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 11/50552-4 - Impacto do Atlântico Sul na célula de circulação meridional e no clima
Beneficiário:Edmo José Dias Campos
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/06147-5 - Incremento da capacidade de pesquisa em oceanografia no estado de São Paulo
Beneficiário:Michel Michaelovitch de Mahiques
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Regular