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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Flooding dynamics on the lower Amazon floodplain: 1. Hydraulic controls on water elevation, inundation extent, and river- floodplain discharge

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Autor(es):
Rudorff, Conrado M. [1] ; Melack, John M. [1] ; Bates, Paul D. [2]
Número total de Autores: 3
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Calif Santa Barbara, Bren Sch Environm Sci & Management, Santa Barbara, CA 93106 - USA
[2] Univ Bristol, Sch Geog Sci, Bristol, Avon - England
Número total de Afiliações: 2
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: WATER RESOURCES RESEARCH; v. 50, n. 1, p. 619-634, JAN 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 36
Resumo

Modeling the routing of flood waters across large floodplains is challenging because flows respond to dynamic hydraulic controls from complex geomorphology, vegetation, and multiple water sources. In this study, we analyzed the topographic and hydrologic controls of inundation dynamics of a large floodplain unit (2440 km(2)) along the lower Amazon River. We combined land topography derived from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) with underwater topography derived from an extensive echo-sounding survey to generate a seamless digital elevation model (DEM). Floodplain inundation was simulated using LISFLOOD-FP, which combines one-dimensional river routing with two-dimensional overland flow, and a local hydrological model. For the first time, accurate simulation of filling and drainage of an Amazon floodplain was achieved with quantification of changes in water elevation, flooding extent, and river-floodplain exchange. We examined the role of diffuse overbank versus channelized flows on river-floodplain exchange. Diffuse overbank flows represent 93% of total river to floodplain discharge and 54% of floodplain to river discharge. Floodplain discharge during high-water was four times higher than field observation values when the SRTM v.4 DEM with no correction was used for simulation because of a -4.4 m elevation bias originating from residual motion errors of the SRTM interferometric baseline. Key Points <list list-type={''}bulleted{''}> Topographic and hydrologic controls of inundation dynamics were analyzed Diffuse overbank flows represent 93% of total river to floodplain discharge Position of SRTM interferometric baseline is an important source of DEM error (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 03/06999-8 - Estudo da dinâmica de circulação da água entre sistemas lóticos, lênticos e a planície de inundação
Beneficiário:Evlyn Márcia Leão de Moraes Novo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 02/09911-1 - Monitoramento automático de variáveis limnológicas em sistemas aquáticos amazônicos sujeitos a diferentes graus de interferência antrópica
Beneficiário:José Luiz Stech
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular
Processo FAPESP: 11/23594-8 - Sensoriamento remoto aplicado à modelagem de impactos antropogênicos sobre propriedades ecológicas de ambientes alagáveis e aquáticos da planície do Solimões/Amazonas
Beneficiário:Evlyn Márcia Leão de Moraes Novo
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular