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Efeitos da deficiência ou suplementação de zinco sobre a hepatocarcinogênese química em camundongos

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Guilherme Ribeiro Romualdo
Número total de Autores: 1
Tipo de documento: Dissertação de Mestrado
Instituição: Universidade Estadual Paulista "Júlio de Mesquita Filho" Faculdade de Medicina.
Data de defesa:
Orientador: Luís Fernando Barbisan

Zinc is required for a wide range of enzymes and transcription factors involved in DNA repair, antioxidant defense and cell proliferation. Inadequate zinc intake could impair these functions, predisposing to the development of human diseases. This study evaluated whether dietary zinc deficiency or supplementation alter early chemically-induced mouse hepatocarcinogenesis. Male Balb/C mice received a single dose of diethylnitrosamine (DEN, 50 mg/Kg) at postnatal day (PND) 15 as an initiating agent for hepatocarcinogenesis. At PND 28, animals were allocated into three groups (n=13/group) and were fed AIN-93G diet containing different concentrations of zinc: adequate zinc (35 mg/Kg diet), zinc deficiency (3 mg/Kg diet) or zinc supplementation (180 mg/Kg diet). Also, 2-acetylaminefluorene (2-AAF, 0.02%) was incorporated in all experimental diets as a promoting agent for hepatocarcinogenesis. Mice were euthanized at 12 or 24 weeks after introducing the experimental diets. Blood and liver samples were collected to perform Comet Assay. Other liver fragments were sampled for histopathological, morphometrical and immunohistochemical analyses, western blotting and antioxidant profiling. Zinc deficiency decreased Nrf2 expression and reduced glutathione (GSH) levels and increased NFκB, p53 expression and the number of preneoplastic altered hepatocyte foci (AHF) per cm² at week 12. In addition, zinc deficiency decreased GSH levels and increased 2-AAF-induced genotoxicity (peripheral blood ... (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 14/01795-0 - Efeitos da deficiência e suplementação de zinco sobre a hepatocarcinogênese química em camundongos
Beneficiário:Guilherme Ribeiro Romualdo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Mestrado