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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

MgH2 + FeNb nanocomposites for hydrogen storage

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Autor(es):
Santos, S. F. [1] ; Ishikawa, T. T. [2] ; Botta, W. J. [2] ; Huot, J. [3]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Fed ABC, CECS, BR-09210580 Santo Andre, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, DEMa, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Quebec Trois Rivieres, IRH, Trois Rivieres, PQ G9Y 5H7 - Canada
Número total de Afiliações: 3
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Materials Chemistry and Physics; v. 147, n. 3, p. 557-562, OCT 15 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Magnesium (magnesium hydride) nanocomposites have been widely investigated for hydrogen storage. As a general feature, these nanocomposites use high purity (expensive) catalysts to improve the hydrogen sorption kinetics of magnesium. In this manuscript we tested a low cost raw material (ferroniobium alloy) as catalyst for hydriding/dehydriding magnesium nanocomposites. The MgH2 + ferroniobium nanocomposites were synthesized by high-energy ball-milling and characterized by X-ray diffraction, scanning electron microscopy, and energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis. The hydrogen absorption and desorption curves were measured in an automated Sieverts' type apparatus. We observed that ferroniobium alloy is an effective catalyst for hydrogen sorption, mainly with ferroniobium as coarse granulates. The hydrogen sorption behavior of MgH2 + ferroniobium nanocomposites was compared to those of Mg + high purity Nb, Fe or (Fe + Nb) catalysts. It was found that the high purity metals are slightly more active catalysts than ferroniobium alloy for hydrogen sorption in Mg. This behavior is discussed regarding the thermodynamic features of the catalyst/matrix nano-interfaces formed during ball-milling. (C) 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 09/01431-0 - Jacques huot | universite du Québec - Canadá
Beneficiário:Walter José Botta Filho
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Pesquisador Visitante - Internacional