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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Physical changes within a large tropical hydroelectric reservoir induced by wintertime cold front activity

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Curtarelli, M. P. [1] ; Alcantara, E. H. [1] ; Renno, C. D. [1] ; Stech, J. L. [1]
Número total de Autores: 4
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Natl Inst Space Res, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Número total de Afiliações: 1
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: HYDROLOGY AND EARTH SYSTEM SCIENCES; v. 18, n. 8, p. 3079-3093, 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 9
Resumo

We investigated the influence of wintertime cold front activity on the physical processes within a large tropical reservoir located in Brazil. The period chosen for this study consisted of 49 days between 28 April 2010 and 15 July 2010. This period was defined based on information from the Brazilian Center for Weather Forecasting and Climate Studies (CPTEC), data collected in situ and the interpretation of remotely sensed images. To better understand the governing processes that drive changes in the heat balance, differential cooling and mixing dynamics, a simulation was performed that utilized a three-dimensional hydrodynamic model enforced with in situ and remote sensing data. The results showed that during a cold front passage over the reservoir, the sensible and latent heat fluxes were enhanced by approximately 77 and 16%, respectively. The reservoir's daily averaged heat loss was up to 167% higher on the days with cold front activity than on the days without activity. The cold front passage also intensified the differential cooling process; in some cases the difference between the water temperature of the littoral and pelagic zones reached up to 8 degrees C. The occurrence of cold front passages impacted the diurnal mixed layer (DML), by increasing the turbulent energy input (similar to 54%) and the DML depth (similar to 41%). Our results indicate that the cold front events are one of the main meteorological disturbances driving the physical processes within hydroelectric reservoirs located in tropical South America during the wintertime. Hence, cold front activity over these aquatic systems has several implications for water quality and reservoir management in Brazil. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/57719-9 - Programa de Mudanças Climáticas - INCT CLIMA
Beneficiário:Carlos Afonso Nobre
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Programa de Pesquisa sobre Mudanças Climáticas Globais - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/15075-8 - Estudo numérico da circulação e das características termodinâmicas da água do Reservatório de Itumbiara
Beneficiário:Enner Herenio de Alcântara
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Pós-Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 07/08103-2 - Estudo da circulação, qualidade da água e uso/ocupação do solo na bacia hidrográfica do Reservatório de Itumbiara
Beneficiário:José Luiz Stech
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular