Busca avançada
Ano de início
Entree
(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Soil and biomass mercury emissions during a prescribed fire in the Amazonian rain forest

Texto completo
Autor(es):
Melendez-Perez, Jose J. [1] ; Fostier, Anne H. [1] ; Carvalho, Jr., Joao A. [2] ; Windmoeller, Claudia C. [3] ; Santos, Jose C. [4] ; Carpi, Anthony [5]
Número total de Autores: 6
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Inst Chem, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, BR-12516410 Guaratingueta, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Minas Gerais, Dept Chem, BR-31270901 Belo Horizonte, MG - Brazil
[4] Natl Space Res Inst, INPE, BR-12630000 Cachoeira Paulista, SP - Brazil
[5] CUNY John Jay Coll Criminal Justice, Dept Sci, New York, NY 10019 - USA
Número total de Afiliações: 5
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: Atmospheric Environment; v. 96, p. 415-422, OCT 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 20
Resumo

Mercury stored in forests can be volatilized to the atmosphere during fires. Many factors influence this process such as mercury concentration, vegetation loading and the soil temperature reached during the fire. We quantified mercury emissions from biomass and soil during a prescribed fire in Brazil using the difference in mercury burden in vegetation and soil before and after burning, and data were critically compared with those previously obtained in a similar experiment in another part of the Amazonia. The calculated mercury emission factor was 4.1 +/- 1.4 g Hg ha(-1), with the main part (78%) originating from litterfall and O-horizon, and only 14% associated with live biomass. When considering the fuel burned loading, the emission factor ranged from 40 to 53 mu g Hg kg(-1). Data were also obtained on soil temperature profile and on Hg speciation in soil in an effort to relate these parameters to Hg emissions. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/04490-4 - Combustão de biomassa de florestas tropicais
Beneficiário:João Andrade de Carvalho Junior
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Temático
Processo FAPESP: 10/19040-4 - Impacto do deflorestamento sobre as emissões de mercúrio em floresta tropical da região amazônica
Beneficiário:Anne Helene Fostier
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Regular