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(Referência obtida automaticamente do Web of Science, por meio da informação sobre o financiamento pela FAPESP e o número do processo correspondente, incluída na publicação pelos autores.)

Contrasting nitrogen fertilization treatments impact xylem gene expression and secondary cell wall lignification in Eucalyptus

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Autor(es):
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Oliveira Camargo, Eduardo Leal [1, 2] ; Nascimento, Leandro Costa [1] ; Soler, Marcal [2] ; Salazar, Marcela Mendes [1] ; Lepikson-Neto, Jorge [1] ; Marques, Wesley Leoricy [1] ; Alves, Ana [3, 4] ; Pereira Lima Teixeira, Paulo Jose [1] ; Mieczkowski, Piotr [5] ; Carazzolle, Marcelo Falsarella [1] ; Martinez, Yves [6] ; Deckmann, Ana Carolina [1] ; Rodrigues, Jose Carlos [3, 4] ; Grima-Pettenati, Jacqueline [2] ; Guimaraes Pereira, Goncalo Amarante [1]
Número total de Autores: 15
Afiliação do(s) autor(es):
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Lab Genom & Expressao, Dept Genet Evolucao & Bioagentes, Inst Biol, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Toulouse 3, UMR CNRS 5546, Lab Rech Sci Vegetales, F-31326 Castanet Tolosan - France
[3] Trop Res Inst Portugal IICT, Forestry & Forest Prod Grp, Lisbon - Portugal
[4] Ctr Estudos Florestais, Lisbon - Portugal
[5] Univ N Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC - USA
[6] Federat Rech Agrobiosci Interact & Biodiversite, F-31326 Castanet Tolosan - France
Número total de Afiliações: 6
Tipo de documento: Artigo Científico
Fonte: BMC PLANT BIOLOGY; v. 14, SEP 28 2014.
Citações Web of Science: 14
Resumo

Background: Nitrogen (N) is a main nutrient required for tree growth and biomass accumulation. In this study, we analyzed the effects of contrasting nitrogen fertilization treatments on the phenotypes of fast growing Eucalyptus hybrids (E. urophylla x E. grandis) with a special focus on xylem secondary cell walls and global gene expression patterns. Results: Histological observations of the xylem secondary cell walls further confirmed by chemical analyses showed that lignin was reduced by luxuriant fertilization, whereas a consistent lignin deposition was observed in trees grown in N-limiting conditions. Also, the syringyl/guaiacyl (S/G) ratio was significantly lower in luxuriant nitrogen samples. Deep sequencing RNAseq analyses allowed us to identify a high number of differentially expressed genes (1,469) between contrasting N treatments. This number is dramatically higher than those obtained in similar studies performed in poplar but using microarrays. Remarkably, all the genes involved the general phenylpropanoid metabolism and lignin pathway were found to be down-regulated in response to high N availability. These findings further confirmed by RT-qPCR are in agreement with the reduced amount of lignin in xylem secondary cell walls of these plants. Conclusions: This work enabled us to identify, at the whole genome level, xylem genes differentially regulated by N availability, some of which are involved in the environmental control of xylogenesis. It further illustrates that N fertilization can be used to alter the quantity and quality of lignocellulosic biomass in Eucalyptus, offering exciting prospects for the pulp and paper industry and for the use of short coppices plantations to produce second generation biofuels. (AU)

Processo FAPESP: 08/53520-3 - Influência do nitrogênio na formação e qualidade da madeira de eucalipto: análise da expressão gênica e identificação de genes visando o melhoramento genético
Beneficiário:Eduardo Leal Oliveira Camargo
Linha de fomento: Bolsas no Brasil - Doutorado
Processo FAPESP: 13/08293-7 - CECC - Centro de Engenharia e Ciências Computacionais
Beneficiário:Munir Salomao Skaf
Linha de fomento: Auxílio à Pesquisa - Centros de Pesquisa, Inovação e Difusão - CEPIDs